શેત્રુંજય

વિકિપીડિયાથી
આના પર જાવ: ભ્રમણ, શોધો
શેત્રુંજય
Satrunjaya Stairway.jpg
શેત્રુંજયની સીડીનાં પગથીયાં
Elevation ૨,૨૨૧ m (૭,૨૮૭ ft)
Location
Location in Gujarat
Location ભારત પાલીતાણા, ભાવનગર જિલ્લો, ગુજરાત, ભારત
Range હિમાલય
Coordinates ૨૧°૨૮′૬″N ૭૧°૪૮′૦″E / Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "�". Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "�". / ૨૧.૪૬૮૩૩; ૭૧.૮

Shatrunjaya ("place of victory";[૧] originally Pundarikgiri), also spelt Shetrunjaya are hills located by the city of Palitana, in Bhavnagar district, Gujarat, India. They are situated on the banks of the Shetrunji River at an elevation ૭,૨૮૮ ફુટ (૨,૨૨૧ મી) above sea level. These hills have similarities to other hills where Jain temples have been built in Bihar, Gwalior, Mount Abu and Girnar.[૨]

The Jain's sacred site of Shatrunjay contains hundreds of Palitana temples.[૩] The hills were sanctified when Lord Rishabha, the first tirthankara of Jainism, gave his first sermon in the temple on the hill top.[૪] The ancient history of the hills is also traced to Pundarika Swamy, a chief Ganadhara[૫] and grandson of Rishabha, who attained salvation here. His shrine located opposite to the main Adinatah temple, built by his father Bharata, is also worshipped by pilgrims.[૬][૭]

There are several alternate spellings, including Śatruñjaya, Satrunjaya, Shetrunja, and Shetrunjo. Shatrunjaya was also known as Pundarikgiri as Pundarik was said to have attained nirvana on this mountain.[૮] Alternate names include Siddhakshetra or Siddhanchal as many thirtankaras are stated to have received enlightenment here.[૯]

Shatrunjaya ("વિજય સ્થળ", [1] મૂળ Pundarikgiri), પણ જોડણી Shetrunjaya ભાવનગર જિલ્લાઓ, ગુજરાત, ભારત માં પાલીતાણા શહેરમાં દ્વારા સ્થિત ટેકરીઓ છે. તેઓ સમુદ્ર સપાટીથી એક એલિવેશન 7.288 ફૂટ (2221 મી.) ખાતે Shetrunji નદીના કાંઠાઓ પર આવેલું છે. આ ટેકરીઓ જૈન મંદિરો બિહાર, ગ્વાલિયર, માઉન્ટ આબુ અને ગીરનાર માં બનાવવામાં આવી છે જ્યાં અન્ય ટેકરીઓ સાથે સમાનતા ધરાવે છે. [2]

Shatrunjay જૈન પવિત્ર સાઇટ પાલીતાણા મંદિરો હજારો છે. ટેકરીઓ [3] ભગવાન ઋષભદેવ, જૈન ધર્મ પ્રથમ તીર્થંકર, હિલ ટોચ પર મંદિર તેમની પ્રથમ ભાષણ આપ્યું હતું જ્યારે ટેકરીઓ પવિત્ર હતા. [4] પ્રાચીન ઇતિહાસ પણ Pundarika સ્વામી, મુખ્ય ગાંધાર [5] અહીં મોક્ષ પ્રાપ્ત જે ઋષભદેવ, અને પૌત્ર શોધી છે. તેમના પવિત્ર, તેમના પિતા ભારત દ્વારા બનાવવામાં મુખ્ય Adinatah મંદિર માટે વિપરીત સ્થિત પણ યાત્રાળુઓ. [6] [7] દ્વારા પૂજા થાય છે

Śatruñjaya, Satrunjaya, Shetrunja, અને Shetrunjo સહિત અનેક વૈકલ્પિક જોડણીઓ છે. Pundarik આ પર્વત પર નિર્વાણ પ્રાપ્ત થઈ છે હતું તરીકે Shatrunjaya પણ Pundarikgiri તરીકે જાણીતી હતી [8] ઘણા thirtankaras અહીં બોધ પ્રાપ્ત થઇ છે જણાવ્યું છે વૈકલ્પિક નામો Siddhakshetra અથવા Siddhanchal સમાવેશ થાય છે ઢાંચો:.. Sfn

Geography[ફેરફાર કરો]

Steps on the Satrunjaya Hill

The Gulf of Khambhat is to the south of the Shatrunjaya Hills, Bhavnagar town is to its north, and a river flows between the two hills. Legend states that the hill is a part of the Himalayas.[૧૦] A path along the ridge leads down to the Adipur valley, a distance of ૧૩ કિલોમીટર (૮.૧ મા).[૧૦] Palitana town is at the base of the foothills, ૫૬ કિલોમીટર (૩૫ મા) from Bhavanagar. Gujarat State Transport provides a bus service between Palitana and Bhavnagar. Bhavnagar is linked with Ahmedabad by road and rail, and by air to Mumbai.[૭] The topography is rugged while the landscape is drought-affected.[૧]

Culture[ફેરફાર કરો]

The hills were considered a thirtha (religious divine place) even in the 5th century.[૧૧] The Palitana temples, a pilgrimage complex on both hills and their saddle, are reached by climbing approximately 3750 stone steps, which are carved into the mountain.[૧૨][૧૩] The climb is ૩.૫ કિલોમીટર (૨.૨ મા) from the base and takes approximately two hours.[૧૪] The hills are closed to pilgrims for four months during the monsoon season. The pilgrimage is known as "Shri Shantrunjay Teerth Yatra". It occurs from the Poornima day (Full Moon Day) of Kartik month according to the Hindu calendar (October–November as per the Gregorian calendar). Jains assemble at the foot of the hills to undertake the yatra (religious journey). During this yatra, considered a great event in the lifetime of a Jain, pilgrims circumambulate the Shatrunjaya hills covering a distance of ૨૧૬ કિલોમીટર (૧૩૪ મા) on foot, offering prayers.[૪]

See also[ફેરફાર કરો]

References[ફેરફાર કરો]

  1. ૧.૦ ૧.૧ Arnett, Robert (15 July 2006). India Unveiled. Atman Press. pp. 164–. ISBN 978-0-9652900-4-3. http://books.google.com/books?id=Tmn91va2e4UC&pg=PT164. પુનર્પ્રાપ્ત 17 December 2012.
  2. John Cort (21 January 2010). Framing the Jina:Narratives of Icons and Idols in Jain History: Narratives of Icons and Idols in Jain History. Oxford University Press. pp. 120–. ISBN 978-0-19-538502-1. http://books.google.com/books?id=MDBpq23-0QoC&pg=PA120. પુનર્પ્રાપ્ત 17 December 2012.
  3. Melton, J. Gordon (13 September 2011). Religious Celebrations: An Encyclopedia of Holidays, Festivals, Solemn Observances, and Spiritual Commemorations: An Encyclopedia of Holidays, Festivals, Solemn Observances, and Spiritual Commemorations. ABC-CLIO. pp. 19–. ISBN 978-1-59884-205-0. http://books.google.com/books?id=KDU30Ae4S4cC&pg=PA19. પુનર્પ્રાપ્ત 21 December 2012.
  4. ૪.૦ ૪.૧ "Pilgrims flock Palitana for Kartik Poornima yatra". The Hindu. http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2009-11-02/rajkot/28091395_1_devotees-palitana-jain. પુનર્પ્રાપ્ત 20 December 2012.
  5. "Jain Festivals - Chaitra Purnima". Jain University. Retrieved January 10, 2013. 
  6. Dr Linda Kay Davidson; David Martin Gitlitz (1 November 2002). Pilgrimage: From the Ganges to Graceland : An Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. pp. 419–. ISBN 978-1-57607-004-8. http://books.google.com/books?id=YVYkrNhPMQkC&pg=PA419. પુનર્પ્રાપ્ત 17 December 2012.
  7. ૭.૦ ૭.૧ "Glistening spires of Palitana temples". The Hindu. 4 April 2004. http://www.hindu.com/thehindu/fr/2004/06/04/stories/2004060402020600.htm. પુનર્પ્રાપ્ત 20 December 2012.
  8. Gopal, Krishna; Girota, Phal S. (2003). Fairs and Festivals of India: Chhattisgarh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu, Goa, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra. Gyan Publishing House. p. 172. http://books.google.com/books?id=pQfgAAAAMAAJ. પુનર્પ્રાપ્ત 17 December 2012.
  9. Deshpande 2005, pp. 418–419.
  10. ૧૦.૦ ૧૦.૧ Rough Guides (20 January 2011). The Rough Guide to India. Penguin. pp. 1216–. ISBN 978-1-4053-8849-8. http://books.google.com/books?id=6VT6aAXqO8kC&pg=PT1216. પુનર્પ્રાપ્ત 17 December 2012.
  11. Pippa de Bruyn; Keith Bain; David Allardice; Shonar Joshi (18 February 2010). Frommer's India. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 597–. ISBN 978-0-470-64580-2. http://books.google.com/books?id=qG-9cwHOcCIC&pg=PA597. પુનર્પ્રાપ્ત 20 December 2012.
  12. "Palitana". Retrieved 17 December 2012.  Unknown parameter |publiasher= ignored (help)
  13. Brajesh Kumar (2003). Pilgrimage Centers Of India. Diamond Pocket Books (P) Ltd.. pp. 157–. ISBN 978-81-7182-185-3. http://books.google.com/books?id=Qqei_Wo1qXwC&pg=PA157. પુનર્પ્રાપ્ત 17 December 2012.
  14. Max T. Taylor; Max T. Taylor M.D. (28 July 2011). Many Lives, One Lifespan: An Autobiography. Xlibris Corporation. pp. 301–. ISBN 978-1-4628-8799-6. http://books.google.com/books?id=LJbua7AsK68C&pg=PA301. પુનર્પ્રાપ્ત 17 December 2012.

Bibliography[ફેરફાર કરો]

  • Deshpande, Aruna (2005). India:Divine Destination. Crest Publishing House. pp. 418–419. ISBN 81-242-0556-6.