|જન્મની વિગત||૧૧ જાન્યુઆરી ૧૯૫૪ |
|અભ્યાસનું સ્થળ||Samrat Ashok Technological Institute|
|પુરસ્કાર||નોબેલ શાંતિ પારિતોશિક, Wallenberg Medal, Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights Award, Humanitarian of Year|
કૈલાશ સત્યાર્થી (હિંદી ભાષા:कैलाश सत्यार्थी; અંગ્રેજી: Kailash Satyarthi; ) (જન્મ: ૧૧ જાન્યુઆરી ૧૯૫૪) બાળકોના હક્કોના આંદોલનકારી છે અને બાળ મજૂરી સામે ચાલતી વૈશ્વિક લડતમાં એક આગળ પડતું નામ છે . તેમણે ૧૯૮૦માં 'બચપન બચાઓ આંદોલન' નામની સંસ્થાની સ્થાપના કરી અને ૧૪૪ દેશોના ૮૩,૦૦૦થી વધુ બાળકોના હક્કો બચાવવા માટે લડત આપી છે. આંતરરાષ્ટ્રીય મજૂર સંગઠને (ઇન્ટરનેશનલ લેબર ઓર્ગેનાઇઝેશન-International Labour Organization) બાળ મજૂરીના સૌથી ખરાબ પ્રકાર પરના કન્વેન્શન નંબર ૧૮૨ને અપનાવ્યું તેની પાછળનું પ્રેરકબળ કૈલાશ સત્યાર્થીએ કરેલાં કામ અને ચલાવેલા આંદોલનને જ ગણવામાં આવે છે. આ કન્વેન્શન આજે વિશ્વભરની સરકારો માટે પાયારૂપ માર્ગદર્શિકા છે.
તેમના કાર્યોની સરાહના અનેક રાષ્ટીય અને આંતરરાષ્ટ્રીય ખિતાબો અને પારિતોષિકોથી કરવામાં આવી છે, જેમાં વર્ષ ૨૦૧૪ના શાંતિ માટેના નોબેલ પારિતોષિકનો સમાવેશ થાય છે. આ પારિતોષિક તેમને અને મલાલા યુસફઝાઇને સંયુક્તપણે મળ્યો છે.
પ્રારંભિક જીવન[ફેરફાર કરો]
He attended Government Boys Higher Secondary School, and completed his degree in electrical engineering at Samrat Ashok Technological Institute, Vidisha and a post-graduate degree in high-voltage engineering. He then joined a college in Bhopal as a lecturer for a few years.
In 1980, he gave up his career as a teacher and became secretary general for the Bonded Labor Liberation Front; he also founded the Bachpan Bachao Andolan (Save the Childhood Mission) that year. He has also been involved with the Global March Against Child Labor and its international advocacy body, the International Center on Child Labor and Education (ICCLE), which are worldwide coalitions of NGOs, teachers and trades unionists. He has also served as the President of the Global Campaign for Education, from its inception in 1999 to 2011, having been one of its four founders alongside ActionAid, Oxfam and Education International.
In addition, he established Rugmark (now known as Goodweave) as the first voluntary labelling, monitoring and certification system of rugs manufactured without the use of child-labour in South Asia. This latter organisation operated a campaign in Europe and the United States in the late 1980s and early 1990s with the intent of raising consumer awareness of the issues relating to the accountability of global corporations with regard to socially responsible consumerism and trade. Satyarthi has highlighted child labor as a human rights issue as well as a welfare matter and charitable cause. He has argued that it perpetuates poverty, unemployment, illiteracy, population growth, and other social problems, and his claims have been supported by several studies. He has also had a role in linking the movement against child labour with efforts for achieving "Education for All". He has been a member of a UNESCO body established to examine this and has been on the board of the Fast Track Initiative (now known as the Global Partnership for Education). Satyarthi serves on the board and committee of several international organisations including the Center for Victims of Torture (USA), the International Labor Rights Fund (USA), and the International Cocoa Foundation. He is now reportedly working on bringing child labour and slavery into the post-2015 development agenda for the United Nation's Millennium Development Goals.
Satyarthi, along with Pakistani activist Malala Yousufzai, was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2014 "for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education". Satyarthi is the fifth Nobel Prize winner for India and only the second Indian winner of the Nobel Peace Prize after Mother Teresa in 1979.
વ્યક્તિગત જીવન[ફેરફાર કરો]
કૈલાશભાઈ નવી દિલ્હીમાં રહે છે. તેમના પરિવારમાં તેમની પત્ની, એક પુત્ર, પુત્રવધુ અને પુત્રીનો સમાવેશ થાય છે. તેમના સામાજીક આંદોલન સિવાયના જીવનમાં તેઓ ઉમદા રસોઈ બનાવનાર તરીકે પણ ઓળખાવવામાં આવે છે.
સન્માનો અને પારિતોષિકો[ફેરફાર કરો]
Satyarthi has been the subject of a number of documentaries, television series, talk shows, advocacy and awareness films. Satyarthi has been awarded the following national and international honours:
- 2014: Nobel Peace Prize
- 2009: Defenders of Democracy Award (US)
- 2008: Alfonso Comin International Award (Spain)
- 2007: Gold medal of the Italian Senate (2007)
- 2007: recognized in the list of "Heroes Acting to End Modern Day Slavery" by the US State Department
- 2006: Freedom Award (US)
- 2002: Wallenberg Medal, awarded by the University of Michigan
- 1999: Friedrich Ebert Stiftung Award (Germany)
- 1998: Golden Flag Award (Netherlands)
- 1995: Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights Award (US)
- 1995: The Trumpeter Award (US)
- 1994: The Aachener International Peace Award (Germany)
- 1993: Elected Ashoka Fellow (US)
- સત્યાર્થી, કૈલાશ; ઝુત્શી, બુપિન્દર (૨૦૦૬). ગ્લોબલાઇઝેશન, લેબર એન્ડ ચાઇલ્ડ રાઇટ્સ (Globalisation, Development And Child Rights). નવી દિલ્હી: શીપ્રા પબ્લિકેશન્સ. ISBN 9788175412705. Check date values in:
- P.J. George. "Malala, Kailash Satyarthi win Nobel Peace Prize". The Hindu.
- "Grassroots Activist Made Ending Child Labor Global Cause". USembassy.gov. 11 June 2007. Retrieved 15 May 2010.
- "Who is Kailash Satyarthi?". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 2014-10-10.
- "The Nobel Peace Prize 2014". Nobel Foundation. 10 October 2014. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- "Kailash Satyarthi: A profile". Business Standard. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- Kidwai, Rasheed (October 10, 2014). "A street rings with 'Nobel' cry". The Telegraph. Calcutta. Archived from the original on 2014-10-13. Retrieved 2014-10-13.
Kailash Satyarthi was born Kailash Sharma in this Madhya Pradesh town but dropped the upper-caste surname [...] Pravesh told The Telegraph. [...] By 4pm, the Sharmas had had virtually the entire town of Vidisha visiting them. Almost every resident older than 50 has a story to tell about Kailash. Kailash had graduated in electrical engineering from the Samrat Ashok Technological Institute, Vidisha, and taught at a local polytechnic.
- Trivedi, Vivek (October 11, 2014). "Kailash Satyarthi's hometown Vidisha celebrates Nobel win". News18.com. Noida, Uttar Pradesh: Network18. Retrieved 2014-10-14.
He was born and brought up in Chhoti Haweli in Andar Quila area of the town. [...] locals were seen drawing affiliation to institutions linked to Satyarhti including his schools – Toppura Primary School, Pedi school and Government Boys Higher Secondary School and Samrat Ashok Technological Institute (SATI) from where Satyarthi graduated in Electrical Engineering and later taught there for two years before embarking his journey to serve humanity.
- ઢાંચો:Cite blog
- Chonghaile, Clar (10 October 2014). "Kailash Satyarthi: student engineer who saved 80,000 children from slavery". theguardian.com. London: Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- "Angaben auf der Seite des Menschenrechtspreises der Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung". Friedrich Ebert Stiftung. Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung e.V. Retrieved 2014-10-10.
- "Nobel Peace Prize Is Awarded to Malala Yousafzai and Kailash Satyarthi". New York Times. 10 October 2014. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- "The New Heroes . Meet the New Heroes . Kailash Satyarthi - PBS". Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- "About". knowchildlabor.org.
- "Trust Women - Kailash Satyarthi".
- David Crouch (10 October 2014). "Malala and Kailash Satyarthi win Nobel Peace prize". Financial Times. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- "The Role of Civil Society in the Dakar World Education Forum". Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- "RugMark USA - Entrepreneurs in Depth - Enterprising Ideas". PBS-NOW. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- "Principal Voices: Kailash Satyarthi". CNN. 2007-06-28. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- Satyarthi, Kailash (26 Sep 2012). "Child labour perpetuates illiteracy, poverty and corruption". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- Nanjunda, D C (2009). Anthropology and Child Labour. Mittal Publications. p. 91. ISBN 9788183242783.
- Shukla, C K; Ali, S (2006). Child Labour and the Law. Sarup & Sons. p. 116. ISBN 9788176256780.
- "Talk by human rights defender Kailash Satyarthi". oxotower.co.uk. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- "Fund the Future: An action plan for funding the Global Partnership for Education" (pdf). April 2014. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- "Why India's Kailash Satyarthi won the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize: All you need to know". Firstpost.
- ""Kailash Satyarthi - Facts"". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB. 10 October 2014. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- "Kailash Satyarthi - Biography". Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- Azera Parveen Rahman (10 October 2014). "Kailash Satyarthi loves to cook for rescued child labourers". news.biharprabha.com. IANS. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- "Bachpan Bachao Andolan produced film nominated for New York Film Festival". globalmarch.org.
- "Social Activist Kailash Satyarthi to get 2009 Defender of Democracy Award in U.S". 20 October 2009. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- "Kailash Satyarthi". globalmarch.org. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- "Kailash Satyarthi". Robert F. Kennedy Center for Justice & Human Rights.
- "Heroes Acting To End Modern-Day Slavery". U.S. Department of State.
- "Kailash Satyarthi - Architect of Peace". Architects of Peace.
- "Medal Recipients - Wallenberg Legacy, University of Michigan". University of Michigan.
- "Human Rights Award of the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung". fes.de.
- "Our Board".
- "Robert F Kennedy Center Laureates".
- Ben Klein. "Trumpeter Awards winners". National Consumers League.
- "Nobel Peace Prize 2014: Pakistani Malala Yousafzay, Indian Kailash Satyarthi Honored For Fighting For Access To Education". Omaha Sun Times.
- "Aachener Friedenspreis 1994: Kailash Satyarthi (Indien), SACCS (Südasien) und Emmaus-Gemeinschaft (Köln)". Aachener Friedenspreis.
- "Fellows: Kailash Satyarthi". Ashoka: Innovators for the Public. 1993. Retrieved 13 October 2014.
બાહ્ય કડીઓ[ફેરફાર કરો]
|વિકિમીડિયા કૉમન્સ પર કૈલાશ સત્યાર્થી વિષયક વધુ દ્રશ્ય-શ્રાવ્ય માધ્યમો (Media) ઉપલબ્ધ છે.|