ભારતના રાષ્ટ્રપતિઓની યાદી

વિકિપીડિયાથી
આના પર જાવ: ભ્રમણ, શોધો
# નામ છબી પદગ્રહણ પદસમાપ્તિ ઉપ રાષ્ટ્રપતિ નોંધ
રાજેન્દ્ર પ્રસાદ
(૧૮૮૪–૧૯૬૩)
૨૬ જાન્યુઆરી ૧૯૫૦ ૧૩ મે ૧૯૬૨ સર્વપલ્લી રાધાકૃષ્ણન 1952 election page & 1957 election page
Prasad was the first President of independent India from Bihar.[૧][૨] He was also an independence activist of the Indian Independence Movement.[૩] Prasad was the only president to serve for two terms in office.[૪]
સર્વપલ્લી રાધાકૃષ્ણન
(૧૮૮૮–૧૯૭૫)
Radhakrishnan.jpg ૧૩ મે ૧૯૬૨ ૧૩ મે ૧૯૬૭ ઝાકીર હુસૈન 1962 election page
Radhakrishnan was a prominent philosopher, writer, a Knight of the Realm and also held the position of vice chancellor of the Andhra University and Banaras Hindu University.[૫] He was also made a Knight of the Golden Army of Angels by Pope Paul VI.[૬]
ઝાકીર હુસૈન
(૧૮૯૭–૧૯૬૯)
૧૩ મે ૧૯૬૭ ૩ મે ૧૯૬૯ વરાહગીરી વેંકટગીરી 1967 election page
Hussain was vice chancellor of the Aligarh Muslim University and a recipient of Padma Vibhushan and Bharat Ratna.[૭] He died before his term of office was ended.
વરાહગીરી વેંકટગીરી *
(૧૮૯૪–૧૯૮૦)
૩ મે ૧૯૬૯ ૨૦ જુલાઇ ૧૯૬૯ Giri was appointed as Acting President of India following the death of Hussain.[૮] He resigned in a few months to take part in the presidential elections.
મહંમદ હિદાયતુલ્લાહ *
(1905–1992)
૨૦ જુલાઇ ૧૯૬૯ ૨૪ ઓગસ્ટ ૧૯૬૯ Hidayatullah served as the Chief Justice of India, and was a recipient of the Order of the British Empire.[૯] He served as Acting President of India until the election of Giri as the President of India.
વરાહગીરી વેંકટગીરી
(1894–1980)
૨૪ ઓગસ્ટ ૧૯૬૯ ૨૪ ઓગસ્ટ ૧૯૭૪ Gopal Swarup Pathak 1969 election page
Giri is the only person to have served as both an acting president and president of India. He was a recipient of the Bharat Ratna, and has functioned as Indian Minister of Labour and High Commissioner to Ceylon (Sri Lanka).[૧૦]
ફકરૂદ્દીન અલી અહમદ
(1905–1977)
૨૪ ઓગસ્ટ ૧૯૭૪ ૧૧ ફેબ્રુઆરી ૧૯૭૭ બાસ્સપ્પા દાનપ્પા જત્તી 1974 election page
Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed served as a Minister before being elected as president. He died in 1977 before his term of office ended, and was the second Indian president to have died during a term of office.[૧૧]
બાસ્સપ્પા દાનપ્પા જત્તી *
(૧૯૧૨–૨૦૦૨)
૧૧ ફેબ્રુઆરી ૧૯૭૭ ૨૫ જુલાઇ ૧૯૭૭ Jatti was the vice president of India during Ahmed's term of office, and was sworn in as Acting President of India upon Ahmed's death. He earlier functioned as the Chief Minister for the State of Mysore.[૧૧][૧૨]
નિલમ સંજીવ રેડ્ડી
(૧૯૧૩–૧૯૯૬)
NeelamSanjeevaReddy.jpg ૨૫ જુલાઇ ૧૯૭૭ ૨૫ જુલાઇ ૧૯૮૨ મહંમદ હિદાયતુલ્લાહ 1977 election page
N.S.Reddy was the first Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh State. Reddy was the only Member of Parliament from the Janata Party to get elected from Andhra Pradesh.[૧૩] He was unanimously elected Speaker of the Lok Sabha on 26 March 1977 and relinquished this office on 13 July 1977 to become the 6th President of India.
ગ્યાની ઝૈલસીંઘ
(૧૯૧૬–૧૯૯૪)
૨૫ જુલાઇ ૧૯૮૨ ૨૫ જુલાઇ ૧૯૮૭ રામસ્વામી વેંકટરામન 1982 election page
In March 1972, Singh assumed the position of chief Minister of Punjab, and in 1980, he became Union Home Minister.[૧૪]
રામસ્વામી વેંકટરામન
(૧૯૧૦–૨૦૦૯)
R Venkataraman.jpg ૨૫ જુલાઇ ૧૯૮૭ ૨૫ જુલાઇ ૧૯૯૨ શંકર દયાલ શર્મા 1987 election page
In 1942, Venkataraman was jailed by the British for his involvement in the India's independence movement.[૧૫] After his release, he was elected to independent India’s Provisional Parliament as a member of the Congress Party in 1950 and eventually joined the central government, where he first served as Minister of Finance and Industry and later as Minister of Defence.[૧૬]
શંકર દયાલ શર્મા
(૧૯૧૮–૧૯૯૯)
Shankar Dayal Sharma 36.jpg ૨૫ જુલાઇ ૧૯૯૨ ૨૫ જુલાઇ ૧૯૯૭ કે.આર.નારાયણન 1992 election page
Sharma was Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh, and the Indian Minister for Communications. He has also served as the governor of Andhra Pradesh, Punjab and Maharashtra.[૧૭]
૧૦ કે.આર.નારાયણન
(૧૯૨૦–૨૦૦૫)
K. R. Narayanan.jpg ૨૫ જુલાઇ ૧૯૯૭ ૨૫ જુલાઇ ૨૦૦૨ Krishan Kant 1997 election page
Narayanan served as India's ambassador to Thailand, Turkey, China and United States of America. He received doctorates in Science and Law and was also a chancellor in several universities.[૧૮] He was also the vice-chancellor of Jawaharlal Nehru University.
૧૧ એ. પી. જે. અબ્દુલ કલામ
(૧૯૩૧– )
AbdulKalam.JPG ૨૫ જુલાઇ ૨૦૦૨ ૨૫ જુલાઇ ૨૦૦૭ Bhairon Singh Shekhawat 2002 election page
Kalam, is a scientist who played a leading role in the development of India's ballistic missile and nuclear weapons programs.[૧૯] He also received the Bharat Ratna. Kalam was affectionately known as the People's President.[૨૦][૨૧][૨૨]
12 પ્રતિભા પાટીલ
(૧૯૩૪– )
PratibhaIndia.jpg ૨૫ જુલાઇ ૨૦૦૭ ૨૫ જુલાઇ ૨૦૧૨ મહંમદ હમિદ અંસારી 2007 election page
Patil is the first woman to become the President of India. She was also the first female Governor of Rajasthan.[૨૩][૨૪]
૧૩ પ્રણવ મુખર્જી
(૧૯૩૫– )
Pranab Mukherjee-World Economic Forum Annual Meeting Davos 2009 crop(2).jpg ૨૫ જુલાઇ ૨૦૧૨ Incumbent મહંમદ હમિદ અંસારી 2012 election page
Mukherjee held various posts in the cabinet ministry for the Government of India such as Finance Minister, Foreign Minister, Defence Minister and Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission.

સંદર્ભો[ફેરફાર કરો]

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  2. "Republic Day". Time. 6 February 1950. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,811816,00.html. પુનર્પ્રાપ્ત 30 November 2008.
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  13. Bhargava, G.S.. "Making of the Prez – Congress chief selects PM as well as President". The Tribune (India). http://www.tribuneindia.com/2007/20070730/edit.htm. પુનર્પ્રાપ્ત 6 January 2009.
  14. Wolpert, Stanley A. (1999). India. University of California Press. p. 217. http://books.google.lk/books?id=nHnOERqf-MQC&pg=PA217&lpg=PA217&dq=%22Giani+Zail+Singh%22%2Bpunjabi&ct=result#PPA217,M1. પુનર્પ્રાપ્ત 3 January 2009.
  15. Hazarika, Sanjoy (17 July 1987). "Man In The News; India's Mild New President: Ramaswamy Venkataraman". The New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9B0DEEDD1239F934A25754C0A961948260&n=Top/News/World/Countries%20and%20Territories/India. પુનર્પ્રાપ્ત 6 January 2009.
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