ઢાંચો:Cite news

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This template is used to cite sources in Wikipedia. It is specifically for news sources.

અનુક્રમણિકા

Usage[ફેરફાર કરો]

All parameter names must be lower case.

Copy a blank version to use. Remember to use the "|" (pipe) character between each field. Please delete any unused fields to avoid clutter in the edit window.

Full version (copy and paste text below and delete parameters you don't need)
{{cite news |first= |last= |authorlink= |author= |coauthors= |title= |url= |format= |agency= |work= |publisher= |location= |id= |pages= |page= |date= |accessdate=ડિસેમ્બર ૧૪, ૨૦૧૮ |language= |quote= |archiveurl= |archivedate= }}
First example of commonly used fields (or you can use this and not have to delete as much) (This assumes English, HTML format)
{{cite news |first= |last= |authorlink= |coauthors= |title= |url= |work= |publisher= |date= |accessdate=ડિસેમ્બર ૧૪, ૨૦૧૮}}
Shorter example
{{cite news |first= |last= |coauthors= |title= |work= |page= |date= |accessdate=ડિસેમ્બર ૧૪, ૨૦૧૮ |quote= |url= }}
All parameters, vertical format
{{cite news
 | title = 
 | author = 
 | first = 
 | last = 
 | authorlink = 
 | author2 = 
 | author3 = 
 | author4 = 
 | author5 = 
 | author6 = 
 | author7 = 
 | url = 
 | format = 
 | agency = 
 | work = 
 | publisher = 
 | location = 
 | isbn = 
 | issn = 
 | oclc = 
 | pmid = 
 | pmd = 
 | bibcode = 
 | doi = 
 | id = 
 | date = 
 | page = 
 | pages = 
 | accessdate = ડિસેમ્બર ૧૪, ૨૦૧૮
 | language = 
 | quote = 
 | archiveurl = 
 | archivedate = 
 }}
  • title is required, rest is optional. Note that title must be on one line in order for the hyperlink to display properly. Do not enclose it in quotations marks, italics or other formatting, though it may be wikilinked.
  • author: Author.
    • last works with first to produce last, first
    • authorlink works either with author or with last & first to link to the appropriate Wikipedia article. Does not work with URLs.
    • author2, author3, ... author9: Allows additional authors. Numbers must be used consecutively. author9 is not actually displayed, but causes et al. to appear. Can also use lastn, firstn, and authorlinkn.
    • coauthors: Equivalent to author2.
  • url: Link to the news item if available online (note this is not for a link to the main web page of the work of publisher, but only to a copy of the item specified in title). Start the url with the communications protocol e.g. http://. Do not post urls of google hosted AP content, that content is transient. Use msnbc, Yahoo, or another provider that keeps AP archives.
    • format: Format, e.g. PDF. Don’t specify for HTML (implied as default).
      Specify as ‘fee required’ if free access is no longer available.
      Specify as ‘Reprint’ if you use a full original version but not hosted by the original publisher.
  • agency: The news agency (wire service) that provided the content, e.g. Associated Press, Reuters, etc. Spell out and link the full name.
  • work: The publication that ran the item, e.g. Newsweek. Can also be used for the name of a column or subpart of an issue. Do not italicize.
  • publisher: The company or organization that publishes the news source. Not necessary for major publications like The New York Times, but may add credibility for local papers that are part of a family of publications like The McClatchy Company.
  • isbn, issn, oclc, pmid, pmd, bibcode, doi Unique object identifiers, if applicable. Will automatically generate an appropriately wikilinked link to the object in question.
  • id: Identifier of a type not listed above. Remember, if you use this parameter, you must specify the kind of identifier, not just give a number.
  • date: Date of publication. Use the same format as the main text of the article.
  • page or pages: The page(s) on which the article is found. page inserts the abbreviation "p." before the number; pages inserts "pp." Use only one of these parameters. If numbers are entered for both, pages overrides page.
  • accessdate: Full date when item was accessed.
  • language: The language in which the source is written. If English (the default) do not use this parameter.
  • quote: Relevant quotation. Adding a quotation can help locate online copies of the item using a text search, especially if the original link goes dead.
  • archiveurl: URL of the archive location of the item; this is for archives (such archive.org and WebCite); for back-issues and the like that are on file at the publisher's site, use the "url" parameter (requires archivedate).
  • archivedate: Date when the item was archived (requires archiveurl).

Examples[ફેરફાર કરો]

Using first and last to identify the author, and id to supply the ISSN
  • {{cite news | first=John | last=Doe | title=News | url=http://www.example.org/ | work=Encyclopedia of Things | publisher=News co. | location=Toronto | pages= 37–39 | date=21 November 2005 | id={{ISSN|0028–0836}} | accessdate=11 December 2005 }}
    Doe, John (21 November 2005). "News". Encyclopedia of Things. Toronto: News co. pp. 37–39. ISSN 0028–0836. Retrieved 11 December 2005. 
Using author instead of first and last, and adding a news agency
  • {{cite news | author=Staff writer | title=News | url=http://www.example.org/News.pdf | format=PDF | agency=Wireservice | publisher=News co. | pages= 37–39 | date=21 November 2005 | accessdate=11 December 2005 }}
    Staff writer (21 November 2005). "News" (PDF). News co. Wireservice. pp. 37–39. Retrieved 11 December 2005. 
Using authorlink to link to the author’s article
  • {{cite news | first=John | last=Doe | authorlink=John Doe | title=News | url=http://www.example.org/background | format=Reprint | publisher=News co. | date=21 November 2005 | accessdate=11 December 2005 }}
    Doe, John (21 November 2005). "News" (Reprint). News co. Retrieved 11 December 2005. 
Using format
  • {{cite news | title=News | url=http://www.example.org/Archive/News | format=Fee required | publisher=News co. | date=21 November 2005 | accessdate=11 December 2005 }}
    "News" (Fee required). News co. 21 November 2005. Retrieved 11 December 2005. 
Using page to identify the reference by page
  • {{cite news | first=John | last=Doe | title=FooBar | page=1 }}
    Doe, John. "FooBar". p. 1. 
A very simple citation
  • {{cite news | title=FooBar | page=1 }}
    "FooBar". p. 1. 
Using archiveurl and archivedate to refer to items that went away but are available from an archive site
  • {{cite news | author=Staff writer | title=News | url=http://www.example.org/News.pdf | format=PDF | publisher=News co. | pages= 37–39 | date=21 November 2005 | accessdate=11 December 2005 | archiveurl=http://web.archive.org/web/20070628082911/http://www.example.org/News.pdf | archivedate=28 June 2008 }}
    Staff writer (21 November 2005). "News" (PDF). News co. pp. 37–39. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 June 2008. Retrieved 11 December 2005. 

COinS[ફેરફાર કરો]

This template produces COinS metadata; see COinS in Wikipedia for background information.

TemplateData[ફેરફાર કરો]

This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools; see the monthly error report for this template.

TemplateData for Cite news

This template formats a citation to a news article in print, video, audio or web using the provided source information (e.g. author, publication, date) and various formatting options.

Template parameters

ParameterDescriptionTypeStatus
URLurl URL

The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found

Stringsuggested
Source titletitle

The title of the source page on the website; displays in quotes

Stringrequired
Last namelast last1 author author1 authors

The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'.

Unknownsuggested
First namefirst first1

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'.

Unknownsuggested
Source datedate

Full date of the source; do not wikilink

Stringsuggested
Workwork

Name of the source periodical; may be wikilinked; displays in italics; alias of 'newspaper', 'journal', 'magazine', 'periodical'

Stringsuggested
Publisherpublisher

Name of the publisher; displays after title

Stringoptional
Last name 2last2 author2

The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'.

Unknownoptional
First name 2first2

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink.

Unknownoptional
Newspapernewspaper

Name of the newspaper; displays after title

Stringoptional
Othersothers

Used to record other contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

Stringoptional
Month of publicationmonth

Name of the month of publication; do not wikilink; use 'date' instead, if day of month is also known

Stringoptional
Year of publicationyear

Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

Stringoptional
Editor last nameeditor-last

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-last', 'editor', and 'editors'

Unknownoptional
Editor first nameeditor-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first'

Unknownoptional
Editor linkeditor-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-link'

Pageoptional
Issueissue

Issue identifier when the source is part of a series that is published periodically

Stringoptional
Departmentdepartment

Department within the periodical

Stringoptional
Location of publicationlocation

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place'

Stringoptional
Place of publicationpublication-place

Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

Stringoptional
Publication datepublication-date

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

Stringoptional
Agencyagency

The news agency (wire service) that provided the content; examples: Associated Press, Reuters, Agence France-Presse

Stringoptional
Editionedition

When the publication has more than one edition; for example: '2nd', 'Revised' etc.; suffixed with ' ed.'

Stringoptional
Volumevolume

For one publication published in several volumes

Stringoptional
Pagepage

Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

Stringoptional
Pagespages

Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'

Stringoptional
No ppnopp

Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

Stringoptional
Atat

May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

Stringoptional
Languagelanguage

The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

Stringoptional
Script titlescript-title

For titles in languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Hebrew, Japanese, etc). Prefix with two-character ISO639-1 language code followed by a colon.  For Japanese use: |script-title=ja:...

Stringoptional
Translated titletrans-title trans_title

An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

Stringoptional
Typetype

Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

Stringoptional
Formatformat

Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

Stringoptional
arXiv identifierarxiv

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

Stringoptional
AZINasin

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

Stringoptional
AZIN TLDasin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

Stringoptional
Bibcodebibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

Stringoptional
DOIdoi

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

Stringoptional
DOI broken datedoi-broken-date

The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

Stringoptional
ISBNisbn

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

Stringoptional
ISSNissn

International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

Stringoptional
jfm codejfm

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

Stringoptional
JSTORjstor

JSTOR identifier

Stringoptional
LCCNlccn

Library of Congress Control Number

Stringoptional
MRmr

Mathematical Reviews identifier

Stringoptional
OCLCoclc

Online Computer Library Center number

Stringoptional
OLol

Open Library identifier

Stringoptional
OSTIosti

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

Stringoptional
PMCpmc

PubMed Center article number

Stringoptional
PMIDpmid

PubMed Unique Identifier

Stringoptional
RFCrfc

Request for Comments number

Stringoptional
SSRNssrn

Social Science Research Network

Stringoptional
Zblzbl

Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

Stringoptional
idid

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

Stringoptional
Quotequote

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

Stringoptional
Refref

An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv and sfn templates

Stringoptional
Separatorseparator

The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc.; a space must be encoded as   to suppress use reserved keyword 'none'

Default
.
Stringoptional
Postscriptpostscript

The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined; to suppress use reserved keyword 'none'

Default
.
Stringoptional
Last name 3last3 author3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

Unknownoptional
First name 3first3

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

Unknownoptional
Last name 4last4 author4

The surname of the fourth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

Unknownoptional
First name 4first4

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth author; don't wikilink.

Unknownoptional
Last name 5last5 author5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

Unknownoptional
First name 5first5

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

Unknownoptional
Last name 6last6 author6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

Unknownoptional
First name 6first6

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

Unknownoptional
Last name 7last7 author7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

Unknownoptional
First name 7first7

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

Unknownoptional
Last name 8last8 author8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

Unknownoptional
First name 8first8

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

Unknownoptional
Last name 9last9 author9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

Unknownoptional
First name 9first9

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

Unknownoptional
Author maskauthor-mask

Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Stringoptional
Author name separatorauthor-name-separator

Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as  

Default
,
Stringoptional
Author separatorauthor-separator

Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as  

Default
;
Stringoptional
Display authorsdisplay-authors displayauthors

number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used;

Numberoptional
Author linkauthor-link authorlink authorlink1 author-link1 author1-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Pageoptional
Author link 2author-link2 authorlink2

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author. (Up to nine authors can be listed, 3-9 are toward the end of the parameter list)

Pageoptional
Archive URLarchive-url archiveurl

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

Stringoptional
Archive datearchive-date archivedate

Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

Stringoptional
Dead URLdead-url deadurl

If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

Stringoptional
Lay URLlay-url layurl

URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; alias of 'laysummary'

Stringoptional
Lay sourcelay-source laysource

Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

Stringoptional
Lay datelay-date laydate

Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

Stringoptional
Author link 3author-link3 authorlink3 author3-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

Pageoptional
Author link 4author-link4 authorlink4 author4-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth author.

Pageoptional
Author link 5author-link5 authorlink5 author5-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

Pageoptional
Author link 6author-link6 authorlink6 author6-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

Pageoptional
Author link 7author-link7 authorlink7 author7-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

Pageoptional
Author link 8author-link8 authorlink8 author8-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

Pageoptional
Author link 9author-link9 authorlink9 author9-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

Pageoptional
Last author ampersandlast-author-amp lastauthoramp

When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

Stringoptional
URL access dateaccess-date accessdate

The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

Stringsuggested
Original yearorig-year origyear

Original year of publication; provide specifics

Stringoptional
viavia

Identify the website of the resource, when it differs from the publisher (e.g., for The Wikipedia Library)

Unknownsuggested


See also[ફેરફાર કરો]