ઢાંચો:Cite web

વિકિપીડિયામાંથી
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This template is used to cite online sources in Wikipedia articles. {{Cite news}} can also be used when citing a news source; for general information about citations in Wikipedia articles, see Wikipedia:Cite sources. A general discussion of the use of templates for adding citations to Wikipedia articles is available at Wikipedia:Citation templates.

વપરાશ[ફેરફાર કરો]

Note: None of the parameters should be capitalised, in order to avoid the article being tagged as having a broken citation. For example, use "url", "title", etc.—not "URL", "Title", etc.

કોઈ પણ સ્વરૂપમાં લેખકનો સમાવેશ થતો હોય ત્યારના સામાન્ય રૂપ[ફેરફાર કરો]

Citations within a page should use consistent formats. However, there is no consensus about which format is best. The following examples are for citations where one or more authors are listed in a single |author=authors parameter, using any format. Also shown below are two separate date formats that are commonly used in Wikipedia:

Day Month Year
{{cite web |url= |title= |author= |date= |work= |publisher= |accessdate=૧૧ ઓગસ્ટ ૨૦૧૮}}
Month Day, Year
{{cite web |url= |title= |author= |date= |work= |publisher= |accessdate=ઓગસ્ટ ૧૧, ૨૦૧૮}}

last1, first1; last2, first2 વાળા સામાન્ય રૂપો[ફેરફાર કરો]

The examples hereafter will suffice for up to two authors each with first and last names; for more, just create more parameters in a similar style:

Day Month Year
{{cite web |url= |title= |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |work= |publisher= |accessdate=૧૧ ઓગસ્ટ ૨૦૧૮}}
Month Day, Year
{{cite web |url= |title= |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |work= |publisher= |accessdate=ઓગસ્ટ ૧૧, ૨૦૧૮}}

બધા પરિમાણો[ફેરફાર કરો]

When copying all parameters in either the vertical or horizontal layouts, delete those which are not needed.

All parameters, horizontal layout
{{cite web |url= |title= |first= |last= |author= |authorlink= |coauthors= |date= |month= |year= |work= |publisher= |location= |page= |pages= |at= |language= |trans_title= |format= |arxiv= |asin= |bibcode= |doi= |doibroken= |isbn= |issn= |jfm= |jstor= |lccn= |mr= |oclc= |ol= |osti= |pmc = |embargo= |pmid= |rfc= |ssrn= |zbl= |id= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |deadurl= |accessdate= |quote= |ref= |separator= |postscript=}}
All parameters, vertical layout
{{cite web
|url         = 
|title       = 
|first       = 
|last        = 
|author      = 
|authorlink  = 
|coauthors   = 
|date        = 
|month       = 
|year        = 
|work        = 
|publisher   = 
|location    = 
|page        = 
|pages       = 
|at          = 
|language    = 
|trans_title = 
|format      = 
|arxiv       =
|asin        =
|bibcode     =
|doi         =
|doibroken   =
|isbn        =
|issn        =
|jfm         =
|jstor       =
|lccn        =
|mr          =
|oclc        =
|ol          =
|osti        =
|pmc         =
|embargo     =
|pmid        =
|rfc         =
|ssrn        =
|zbl         =
|id          =
|archiveurl  = 
|archivedate =
|deadurl     =
|accessdate  = 
|quote       = 
|ref         = 
|separator   = 
|postscript  = 
}}

આવશ્યક પરિમાણો[ફેરફાર કરો]

  • title: Title of source; displays in quotes. Titles containing certain characters will display and link incorrectly unless those characters are replaced or encoded.
newline [ ] |
space [ ] |

વૈકલ્પિક પરિમાણો[ફેરફાર કરો]

  • url: URL of source; must begin with a supported URI scheme: http:// and https://will be supported by all browsers; irc://, ircs://, ftp://, news://, mailto: and gopher:// will require a plugin or an external application.
URLs containing certain characters will display and link incorrectly unless those characters are encoded. For example, a space must be replaced by %20.
sp " , ' ; < > ? [ ]
%20 %22 %2c %3a %3b %3c %3e %3f %5b %5d
Single apostrophes do not need to be encoded; multiples will be parsed as italic or bold markup
The link button Vector toolbar insert link button.png on the enhanced editing toolbar will encode a link.
Any parameter that provides a URL (excluding archiveurl, isbn, issn, etc.) may be substituted.
  • last: Surname of author. Do not wikilink (use authorlink instead).
    • first: Given or first name(s) of author, including title(s) (e.g. Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Snr.). Do not wikilink (use authorlink instead).
      • The 'last' and 'first' parameters are not ideally suited to authors whose surname is usually written first (e.g. as in Chinese). Use the same format as the source uses to handle these cases.
    • ઢાંચો:AuthorMask doc See Examples for typical usage.
    • authorlink: Title of Wikipedia article about author (not the author's personal website). Article should already exist. Must not be wikilinked itself. Do not use this on its own, but along with author or first and last.
    • coauthors: Full name of additional author or authors, separated by ", " (e.g. Joe Bloggs, John F. Kennedy, H. R. Dent).
      • Whether the surname of the co-authors goes first or last is dependent on the citation style (see the citation style section below) preferred.
  • OR: author: Full name of author, preferably surname first. (deprecated) Do not wikilink (use authorlink instead).
  • OR: for multiple authors, use the parameters first1, last1, ..., firstn, lastn to 'correctly' record all the information about the book (the first nine authors are printed, then et al. is appended if even more authors were specified). Do not wikilink as there are corresponding authorlink1, ..., authorlink9 parameters as well. This usage is preferred to the use of coauthors.
  • editor: Name of editor/editors. Do not Wikilink any values in the editor parameter but use editor-link instead. The template automatically adds "ed." after the editor's name unless the chapter parameter is used in which case the template adds "in" before the editor's name which appears after the chapter and before the title. This implies that the author is responsible only for part of the book (including the cited chapter) and the editor responsible for the whole book. If, however, the author(s) and editor(s) are responsible for the whole book, then the editor parameter or its alternates described below should not be used if the chapter parameter is being used. Instead, the editor(s) should be included in an author parameter with possibly "(ed.)" after the surname(s). Alternatively, the editor parameter may be used if the chapter detail is included in the title parameter instead of using the chapter parameter.
  • OR: alternatively editor-first and editor-last can be used in the same way as first and last.
  • OR: for multiple editors up to four in number, use the parameters editor1-first, editor1-last, ..., editorn-first, editorn-last to 'correctly' record all the information about the book in the same way as firstn and lastn.
    • editor-link or editor1-link... editorn-link is used in the same way as authorlink or authorlinkn.
  • others: To record other contributors to the work, such as "Illustrated by Smith" or "Trans. Smith".
  • a date parameter
    • either date: Full date of publication. Should not be wikilinked.
    • or year and month: Year of publication, and Name of the month of publication. If you also have the day, use date instead. Should not be wikilinked.
  • format: Format, e.g. PDF. HTML implied if not specified.
  • work: In most cases this is the name of the website (as usually given in the logo/banner area of the site), otherwise the site's domain name. If the titled item being cited is part of some other larger work, such as a book, periodical or organizational sub-site (e.g., the law school's section of a university's website system), it is usually better to use the name of that more specific work than that of the entire site. Do not italicize; the software will do so automatically.
  • publisher: The name of the entity that publishes (owns or controls) the website. Commonly, this is a government agency, educational institution, or business. For many websites, the author and publisher are the same, and only one needs to be included in the citation; prefer publisher for organizations, author (or first/last) for individuals. Please note that publisher is not the name of the website; that is the work, except in cases where the business name is identical to the site name. For example, the corporation Walmart is the publisher of the website at walmart.com, which is the work; Amazon.com is the publisher of the website at amazon.com, which need not be specified as the work, as this would be redundant. For republished works, generally use the original publisher information (including location, date, etc., and it is often more appropriate to use {{cite book}}, {{cite news}}, etc. with a |url= parameter instead of {{cite web}}).
    • location: Geographical location of the publisher (or headquarters thereof).
  • a page parameter
    • either page: Page number if a multi-page web article and referencing a single page. "page=5" produces p. 5.
    • or pages: Page numbers if a multi-page web article and referencing more than one page. "pages=5–7" produces pp. 5–7. This is for listing the pages relevant to the citation, not a total number of pages.
    • or at: Position within the resource when |page=/|pages= is inappropriate, e.g. |at=para. 14 (when citing a source without page numbers) or |at=no. 456 (something in a numbered list). This parameter is ignored if |page=/|pages= is specified.
  • language: language of publication (do not specify "English" as this is the default).
    • trans_title: A translated title of the article, in case the original title is in a foreign language. Would normally be used in conjunction with the language parameter.
  • arxiv:
  • asin: The Amazon Standard Identification Number used for the main web site. ASINs for the other web sites are not yet supported.
  • bibcode: The document's bibcode in the Astrophysics Data System, e.g., 1924MNRAS..84..308E
  • doi:A digital object identifier for the document, such as 10.1038/news070508-7
    • Doilabel: If the doi contains some characters that must be escaped, use "doilabel" for the unescaped version. See {{doi}}: "id" is equivalent to "doi" and "label" is "doilabel"
    • doibroken: The date that a digital object identifier link was found to be broken.
  • isbn: International Standard Book Number such as 1-111-22222-9. Note that |isbn=, like all field names, must be in lowercase. The field must not be wikilinked as the template automatically creates a link. The template is insensitive to formatting so an ISBN number without dashes ("-") may be used (e.g. |isbn=1111222229), though ISBNs with correctly formatted dashes are preferred (see Wikipedia:ISBN and ISBN). Please use the 13-digit ISBN where possible; this can normally be found beneath the barcode as a number beginning 978 or 979. For books with the older SBN system (9 digits), use this field but prefix the number with a zero; thus SBN 902888-45-5 should be entered as |isbn=0-902888-45-5. More information about this feature and its advantages is available at Wikipedia:ISBN.
  • issn: The publication's International Standard Serial Number such as 1111-2220. The eight-figure ISSN may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen; but not an N-dash or a space.
  • jfm:
  • jstor: Makes a link to a JSTOR article or journal determined by a given parameter. The main purpose is to use as part of an id option in a {{cite journal}} reference.
  • lccn: Library of Congress Control Number
  • mr:
  • oclc: Online Computer Library Center ID number, such as 3185581. The field must not be wikilinked as the template automatically creates a link.
  • ol:
  • osti:
  • pmc: The document's PubMed Central article number (PMCID) for full-text free repository of an article, such as 246835
    • embargo: The date that an article will be freely accessible at PubMed central. After this date, the title will automatically link to the free full text at PubMed Central (and the parameter will be removed by a bot).
  • pmid: The document's PubMed Unique Identifier, such as 15128012
  • rfc: Request for Comments
  • ssrn:
  • zbl:
  • id: A unique identifier, used if none of the preceding are applicable. In this case, you need to specify the kind of identifier you are using.
  • archive parameters (if used, both parameters must be used together)
    • archiveurl: The URL of an archived copy of the page, if (or in case) the url becomes unavailable. Typically used to refer to services like WebCite and the Internet Archive.
    • archivedate: Date when the item was archived. Should not be wikilinked.
    • deadurl: Should be set to "yes"/"no" to indicate if the original link is dead or live. Setting |deadurl=no will change the main link to the original url.
  • accessdate: Full date when item was accessed. Should not be wikilinked. This should be given if the publication date is unknown; see Citation styles.
  • quote: Relevant quote from online item.
  • ref: ID for anchor. By default, no anchor is generated. The ordinary nonempty value |ref=ID generates an anchor with the given ID; such a linkable reference can be made the target of wikilinks to full references, especially useful in short citations like shortened notes and parenthetical referencing. The special value |ref=harv generates an anchor suitable for the {{harv}} template; see anchors for Harvard referencing templates.
  • separator: The separator to use in lists of authors, editors, etc. Defaults to ".", but "," may be useful also. If the field is present, but blank, no separator will be used.
  • postscript: The closing punctuation for the citation. If specified, over-rides the default behaviour of terminating the citation with a full stop. If the field is present, but blank, no terminating punctuation will be used. This may be useful when generating an output consistent with other templates. It is preferred to manually adding ending punctuation, as the punctuation occurs within the <cite> tag, so will appear before any icons added by browser plugins. Ignored if |quote= is specified.

Duplicate periods[ફેરફાર કરો]

By default, {{cite web}} separates some fields with periods, so do not encode those fields ending with a period or a duplicate period will be added. Example: "publisher=Camelot, Inc" will correctly show as Camelot, Inc. but "publisher=Camelot, Inc." will incorrectly show as Camelot, Inc..

ઉદાહરણ[ફેરફાર કરો]

Some standard use cases
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |author=Doe, John |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |work=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Doe, John (30 April 2005). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. Retrieved 6 July 2005. 
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |author=Doe, John |date=30 April 2005 |work=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Doe, John (30 April 2005). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Encyclopedia of Things. Retrieved 6 July 2005. 
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |author=Doe, John |date=30 April 2005 |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Doe, John (30 April 2005). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Retrieved 6 July 2005. 
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |author=Doe, John |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Doe, John. "My Favorite Things, Part II". Retrieved 6 July 2005. 
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    "My Favorite Things, Part II". Retrieved 6 July 2005. 
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.nfl.com/rulebook/digestofrules |title=Digest of Rules |publisher=National Football League |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    "Digest of Rules". National Football League. Retrieved 6 July 2005. 
Using format
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |publisher=International Narcotics Control Board |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    "List of psychotropic substances under international control" (PDF). International Narcotics Control Board. Retrieved 6 July 2005. 
Foreign language and translated title
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Honni soit qui mal y pense |author=Joliet, François |date=30 April 2005 |accessdate=6 July 2005 |language=French |trans_title=Shame on those who think evil }}
    Joliet, François (30 April 2005). "Honni soit qui mal y pense" (in French). Retrieved 6 July 2005.  Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)
Using authorlink
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=My Favorite Things, Part II |author=Doe, John |authorlink=John Doe |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |work=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=6 July 2005 }}
    Doe, John (30 April 2005). "My Favorite Things, Part II". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. Retrieved 6 July 2005. 
Using coauthors
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Our Favorite Things |first=John |last=Doe |coauthors=Smith, Peter; Smythe, Jim |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |work=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=16 May 2006 }}
    Doe, John (30 April 2005). "Our Favorite Things". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. Retrieved 16 May 2006.  Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (|author= suggested) (help)
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Our Favorite Things |first=John |last=Doe |coauthors=Peter Smith; Jim Smythe |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |work=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=16 May 2006 }}
    Doe, John (30 April 2005). "Our Favorite Things". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. Retrieved 16 May 2006.  Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (|author= suggested) (help)
No author
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |publisher=Open Publishing |date=30 April 2005 |work=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=16 May 2006 }}
    "Index of Sharp Things". Encyclopedia of Things. Open Publishing. 30 April 2005. Retrieved 16 May 2006. 
No author, no publisher

This abbreviated format should only be used when the editor cannot determine the publisher and author.

  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |work=Encyclopedia of Things |accessdate=6 July 2005}}
    "Index of Sharp Things". Encyclopedia of Things. 30 April 2005. Retrieved 6 July 2005. 
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.example.org/ |title=Index of Sharp Things |date=30 April 2005 |accessdate=6 July 2005}}
    "Index of Sharp Things". 30 April 2005. Retrieved 6 July 2005. 
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 |language=Greek }}
    "List of psychotropic substances under international control" (PDF) (in Greek). 30 April 2005. Retrieved 6 July 2005. 
Using "archiveurl" and "archivedate" for webpages that have been archived
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |title=List of psychotropic substances under international control |date=30 April 2005 |format=PDF |accessdate=6 July 2005 |archiveurl=http://www.archive.org/2005-09-11/www.incb.org/pdf/e/list/green.pdf |archivedate=11 September 2005 }}
    "List of psychotropic substances under international control" (PDF). 30 April 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 September 2005. Retrieved 6 July 2005. 
  • {{cite web |url=http://joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi?archive=currnews&story=20060405-01shore.htm |title=Interview with Maggie Downs |date=31 March 2006 |publisher=The Desert Sun |archiveurl=http://72.14.207.104/search?q=cache:JAxf4v-pQmgJ:joanjettbadrep.com/cgi-bin/fullStory.cgi%3Farchive%3Dcurrnews%26story%3D20060405-01shore.htm |archivedate=26 April 2006 }}
    "Interview with Maggie Downs". The Desert Sun. 31 March 2006. Archived from the original on 26 April 2006. 
Using "quote"
  • {{cite web |url=http://www.webexhibits.org/daylightsaving/c.html |title=Daylight saving time: rationale and original idea |work=WebExhibits |year=2008 |accessdate=27 September 2009 |quote=...&nbsp;Lord Balfour came forward with a unique concern: 'Supposing some unfortunate lady was confined with twins&nbsp;...' }}
    "Daylight saving time: rationale and original idea". WebExhibits. 2008. Retrieved 27 September 2009. ... Lord Balfour came forward with a unique concern: 'Supposing some unfortunate lady was confined with twins ...' 

TemplateData[ફેરફાર કરો]

This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools; see the monthly error report for this template.

TemplateData for Cite web

Formats a citation to a website using the provided information such as URL and title. Used only for sources that are not correctly described by the specific citation templates for books, journals, news sources, etc.

Template parameters

ParameterDescriptionTypeStatus
URLurlURL

The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringrequired
Source titletitle

The title of the source page on the website; will display with quotation marks added

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringrequired
Last namelastlast1   author   author1   authors

The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Linesuggested
First namefirstfirst1

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Linesuggested
Author linkauthorlinkauthorlink1   author-link   author1-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Last name 2last2author2

The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
First name 2first2

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Author link 2authorlink2author2-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Source datedate

Full date when the source was published; if unknown, use accessdate instead; do not wikilink

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringsuggested
Year of publicationyear

Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Editor last nameeditor-lasteditor1-last   editor   editors

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor first nameeditor-firsteditor1-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor linkeditor-linkeditor1-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Editor last name 2editor2-lasteditor2

The surname of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor first name 2editor2-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second editor; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor link 2editor2-linkeditor2linkeditorlink2

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second editor.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Website titlewebsitework

Title of the website; may be wikilinked; will display in italics

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringsuggested
Series identifierseries

Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Publisherpublisher

Name of the publisher; may be wikilinked

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringsuggested
Location of publicationlocation

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Pagepage

Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Pagespages

Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Atat

May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Languagelanguage

The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Script titlescript-title

For titles in languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Hebrew, Japanese, etc). Prefix with two-character ISO639-1 language code followed by a colon. For Japanese use: |script-title=ja:...

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Translated titletrans-title

An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Typetype

Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Formatformat

Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Othersothers

Used to record other (non-author) contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Month of publicationmonth

Name of the month of publication; do not wikilink; use 'date' instead, if day of month is also known

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Original yearorig-yearorigyear

Original year of publication; provide specifics

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Place of publicationpublication-place

Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Publication datepublication-date

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
No ppnopp

Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
arXiv identifierarxiv

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
AZINasin

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
AZIN TLDasin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Bibcodebibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
DOIdoi

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
DOI broken datedoi-broken-date

The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
ISBNisbn

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
ISSNissn

International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
jfm codejfm

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
JSTORjstor

JSTOR identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
LCCNlccn

Library of Congress Control Number

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
MRmr

Mathematical Reviews identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
OCLCoclc

Online Computer Library Center number

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
OLol

Open Library identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
OSTIosti

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
PMCpmc

PubMed Center article number

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
PMIDpmid

PubMed Unique Identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
RFCrfc

Request for Comments number

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
SSRNssrn

Social Science Research Network

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Zblzbl

Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
idid

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Archive URLarchiveurlarchive-url

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Archive datearchivedatearchive-date

Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Dead URLdead-url

If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
URL access dateaccessdate

The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringsuggested
Quotequote

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Refref

An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv template

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Postscriptpostscript

The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined

Default
.
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Subscription requiredsubscription

When set to yes, displays “(subscription required)” to indicate an online source that requires subscription

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Registration requiredregistration

When set to yes, displays “(registration required)” to indicate an online source that requires registration

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Separatorseparator

The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc.; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

Default
.
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Lay URLlayurl

URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; alias of 'laysummary'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Lay sourcelaysource

Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Lay datelaydate

Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Author maskauthor-mask

Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Last name 3last3author3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
First name 3first3

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Author link 3authorlink3author3-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Last name 4last4author4

The surname of the fourth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
First name 4first4

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Author link 4authorlink4author4-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Last name 5last5author5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
First name 5first5

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Author link 5authorlink5author5-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Last name 6last6author6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
First name 6first6author6-link

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Author link 6authorlink6

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Last name 7last7author7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
First name 7first7

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Author link 7authorlink7author7-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Last name 8last8author8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
First name 8first8

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Author link 8authorlink8author8-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Last name 9last9author9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
First name 9first9

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Author link 9authorlink9author9-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Author name separatorauthor-name-separator

Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

Default
,
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Author separatorauthor-separator

Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

Default
;
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Display authorsdisplay-authorsdisplayauthors

Number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used; default is to do so after 8 of 9 are listed.

Default
8
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Numberoptional
Last author ampersandlastauthoramp

When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Editor last name 3editor3-lasteditor3

The surname of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor first name 3editor3-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third editor; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor link 3editor3-linkeditor3linkeditorlink3

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third editor.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Editor last name 4editor4-lasteditor4

The surname of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor first name 4editor4-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth editor; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor link 4editor4-linkeditor4linkeditorlink4

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth editor.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Editor last name 5editor5-lasteditor5

The surname of the fifth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor5-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor first name 5editor5-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth editor; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor link 5editor5-linkeditor5linkeditorlink5

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth editor.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Editor last name 6editor6-lasteditor6

The surname of the sixth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor6-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor first name 6editor6-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth editor; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor link 6editor6-linkeditor6linkeditorlink6

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth editor.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Editor last name 7editor7-lasteditor7

The surname of the seventh editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor7-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor first name 7editor7-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh editor; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor link 7editor7-linkeditor7linkeditorlink7

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh editor.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Editor last name 8editor8-lasteditor8

The surname of the eigth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor8-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor first name 8editor8-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eigth editor; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor link 8editor8-linkeditor8linkeditorlink8

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth editor.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Editor last name 9editor9-lasteditor9

The surname of the ninth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor9-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor first name 9editor9-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth editor; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor link 9editor9-linkeditor9linkeditorlink9

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth editor.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Editionedition

Specify the edition or revision of the source, when applicable. For example: '2nd' or '5.1'. What you supply here is suffixed by ' ed.'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional


આ પણ જુઓ[ફેરફાર કરો]