ઢાંચો:Cite book

વિકિપીડિયામાંથી
આના પર જાવ: ભ્રમણ, શોધો
Template documentation[view] [edit] [history] [purge]

ઢાંચો:Important This template is used to cite sources in Wikipedia. It is specifically for books. This template replaces the deprecated {{book reference}}. When citing an article in a compilation or anthology, {{cite journal}} works better.

Usage[ફેરફાર કરો]

All field names must be lowercase.

Copy a blank version to use. Remember to use the "|" (pipe) character between each field. Please delete any unused fields to avoid clutter in the edit window.

No templates or magic words are necessary when using an ISBN, OCLC number, or DOI as an identifier. Instead of using the id field in these instances, simply use the appropriate field. For instance, type isbn= followed by the number instead of id=ISBN. Templates are available for other identification number types to be used in the ID field ({{ISSN}}, {{LCCN}}, {{LCC}}, etc.) if these aren't available. See also the complete description of fields.

Full version (copy and paste text below and delete parameters you don't need)
{{cite book |last1= |first1= |authorlink1= |last2= |first2= |editor1-first= |editor1-last= |editor1-link= |others= |title= |trans_title= |url= |format= |accessdate= |edition= |series= |volume= |date= |year= |month= |origyear= |publisher= |location= |language= |isbn= |oclc= |doi= |id= |page= |pages= |trans_chapter= |chapter= |chapterurl= |quote= |ref= |bibcode= |laysummary= |laydate= |separator= |postscript= |lastauthoramp=}}
Most commonly used fields (use this and you won't have to delete as much)
{{cite book |title= |last= |first= |authorlink= |coauthors= |year= |publisher= |location= |isbn= |page= |pages= |url= |accessdate=}}
Example 1

{{cite book |last= Cordell |first= Bruce R. |coauthors= Jeff Grubb, David Yu |title= [[Manual of the Planes]] |publisher= [[Wizards of the Coast]] |year= 2001 |month= September |isbn= 0-7869-1850-8}}

Lua error in વિભાગ:Citation/CS1 at line 4077: bad argument #1 to 'pairs' (table expected, got nil).

Example 2
{{cite book
  |last = Mumford
  |first = David
  |authorlink = David Mumford
  |title = The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes
  |publisher = [[Springer-Verlag]]
  |series = Lecture notes in mathematics 1358
  |year = 1999
  |doi = 10.1007/b62130
  |isbn = 354063293X}}

Mumford, David (1999). The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes. Lecture notes in mathematics 1358. Springer-Verlag. ISBN 354063293X. doi:10.1007/b62130.  Check date values in: 1999 (help)

Vertical list Prerequisites * Brief instructions
{{cite book
|last=
|first=
|authorlink=
|coauthors=
|firstn=,lastn=
|authorn-link
|editor=
|editorn=
|editorn-last
|editorn-first
|editor-link
|editorn-link
|others=
|title=
|trans_title=
|url=
|format=
|accessdate=
|edition=
|series=
|volume=
|date=
|origyear=
|year=
|month=
|publisher=
|location=
|language=
|isbn=
|oclc=
|doi=
|bibcode=
|id=
|page=
|pages=
|nopp=
|chapter=
|trans_chapter
|chapterurl=
|quote=
|ref=
|laysummary=
|laydate=
|separator= 
|postscript= 
|lastauthoramp=
}}
  
  
 last
 last
 last 
   
 lastn 
  
  
  
 editorn-last
 editor or editor-last
 editorn or editorn-last
  
  
  
  
 url
 url
  
  
  
  
 year or date
  
 year
  
 publisher
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
 page or pages
  
  
 chapter
  
  
  
 laysummary
  
  
 coauthors or >1 lastn
  
   
 (no wikilink)
 (no wikilink)
  
 alternative to first2, last2...first9, last9
 (no wikilink). n=1 through 9
 n=1 through 9
  
 n=1 through 4
 n=1 through 4
 n=1 through 4
 n=1 through 4
 n=1 through 4
  
  
  
 insert url of online version of the book or an extract, if available
  
  
  
  
  
 †preferred (no wikilink)
  
  alternative to date
  
  
  
  
  always include ISBN if one has been assigned
  
  
  
  
  
  
 hides automatic 'p' or 'pp'.
 ‡(no wikilink).  Synonymous with "contribution".
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
  

† This is the preferred field with its alternates listed below.

‡ If chapterurl is provided then chapter can not have wikilinks.

Fields[ફેરફાર કરો]

Wikilinks[ફેરફાર કરો]

Except where specifically prohibited in the field descriptions below, most fields can be wikilinked (e.g. title = [[book article|book title]]), but should generally only be linked to an existing Wikipedia article. Any wikilinked field must not contain any brackets apart from normal round brackets () — don't use <>[]{}.

Description of fields[ફેરફાર કરો]

Syntax (for the technical-minded)[ફેરફાર કરો]

Nested fields rely on their parent fields:

  • parent
  • OR: parent2 — may be used instead of parent
    • child — may be used with parent (and is ignored if parent is not used)
    • OR: child2 — may be used instead of child (and is ignored if parent2 is not used)

Description[ફેરફાર કરો]

  • last: Surname of author. Don't wikilink (use authorlink instead).
    • first: First name(s) of author, including title(s) (e.g. Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Snr.). Don't wikilink (use authorlink instead).
      • The `last' and `first' fields are poorly named for the case of an author whose surname is usually written first (e.g. as in Chinese). They also have the problem of only communicating which is the surname, not communicating where the surname is usually written. Consider deprecating first,last fields, and reinstating author field, using the notation "Smith, John" or "Hu Ke Jie" as appropriate (i.e. always writing surname first, and using comma or not depending on whether the name is usually written surname last or first).
    • authorlink: Title of Wikipedia article about author (not the author's personal website). Article should already exist. Must not be wikilinked itself. Do not use this on its own, but along with author or first and last.
    • coauthors: Full name of additional author or authors, separated by ", " (e.g. Joe Bloggs, John F. Kennedy, H. R. Dent).
      • Whether the surname of the co-authors goes first or last is dependent on the citation style (see the citation style section below) preferred.
  • OR: author: Full name of author, preferably surname first. (deprecated) Don't wikilink (use authorlink instead).
  • OR: for multiple authors, use the fields first1, last1, ...,firstn, lastn to 'correctly' record all the information about the book (the first nine authors are printed, then et al. is appended if even more authors were specified). Don't wikilink as there are corresponding authorlink1, ..., authorlink9 fields as well. This usage is preferred to the use of coauthors.
  • editor: Name of editor/editors. Do not Wikilink any values in the editor field but use editor-link instead. The template automatically adds "ed." after the editor's name unless the chapter parameter is used in which case the template adds "in" before the editor's name which appears after the chapter and before the title. This implies that the author is responsible only for part of the book (including the cited chapter) and the editor responsible for the whole book. If, however, the author(s) and editor(s) are responsible for the whole book, then the editor field or its alternates described below should not be used if the chapter field is being used. Instead, the editor(s) should be included in an author field with possibly "(ed.)" after the surname(s). Alternatively, the editor field may be used if the chapter detail is included in the title field instead of using the chapter field.
  • OR: alternatively editor-first and editor-last can be used in the same way as first and last.
  • OR: for multiple editors up to four in number, use the fields editor1-first, editor1-last, ...,editorn-first, editorn-last to 'correctly' record all the information about the book in the same way as firstn and lastn.
    • editor-link or editor1-link...editorn-link is used in the same way as authorlink or authorlinkn.
  • others: To record other contributors to the work, such as "illustrated by Smith" or "trans. Smith".
  • title: Title of book. This is the only required parameter. Can be wikilinked but only to an existing Wikipedia article. Do not use italics.
    • trans_title: If the book cited is in a foreign language, an English translation of the title can be given here. The template will display this in square brackets after the title field and it will point to the url link, if used. Use of language parameter is recommended if this parameter is used.
  • url: URL of an online location where text of the book can be found. Cannot be used if you wikilinked title. If applicable, should point to the specific page(s) referenced. Do not use this field to link to any commercial booksellers (such as Amazon.com). The ISBN link is a much better alternative which allows readers access to the books in their own countries or through their own choice of source, including Amazon, Google Books, thousands of libraries, and more.
    • format: Format, e.g. PDF. HTML implied if not specified.
    • accessdate: Full date when url was accessed. Required when url field is used. Must not be wikilinked.
  • edition: When the book has more than one edition. e.g.: "2nd.", "Revised" etc.. Note that the template automatically displays " ed." after this field, so edition=2nd produces "2nd ed.".
  • series: When the book is part of a series of publications
  • volume: For one book published in several volumes. However, this template displays the text in this field in bold type after the title and series parameters. An alternative is to include the volume information in the title field after the main title (see example below). (NB: there is a separate {{Cite encyclopedia}} template).
  • date: Full date of publication edition being referenced, in the same format as the main text of the article. Must not be wikilinked.
  • OR: year: Year of publication edition being referenced
    • month: Name of the month of publication. If you also have the day, use date instead. Must not be wikilinked.
    • origyear: Original publication year, for display alongside the date or year. For clarity, please specify as much information as possible, for instance origyear=First published 1859 or origyear=Composed 1904. This parameter only displays if a there is a value for year or date.
  • publisher: Publisher should not include corporate designation such as "Ltd" or "Inc".
    • location: Geographical place of publication.
  • language: The language the book is written in, if it is not English. The template automatically puts parentheses around the text and adds "in" before the language name.
  • isbn: International Standard Book Number such as 1-111-22222-9. Note that |isbn=, like all field names, must be in lowercase. The field must not be wikilinked as the template automatically creates a link. The template is insensitive to formatting so an ISBN number without dashes ("-") may be used (e.g.isbn=1111222229). More information about this feature and its advantages is available at Wikipedia:ISBN.
  • oclc: Online Computer Library Center ID number, such as 3185581. The field must not be wikilinked as the template automatically creates a link.
  • doi: A digital object identifier such as 10.1016/j.coi.2004.08.001. The field must not be wikilinked as the template automatically creates a link.
  • bibcode: A nineteen character Bibcode identifier. The field must not be wikilinked as the template automatically creates a link.
  • id: A unique identifier, used if none of the above are applicable. In this case, you need to specify the kind of identifier you are using, preferably with a template like {{ASIN}} or {{ISSN}}. (Use one of the more specialized parameters if possible; they are linked automatically. In other words, don't use id = ISBN 1-111-22222-9 anymore. Use isbn = 1-111-22222-9.)
  • pages or page: "|pages= 5–7" produces "pp. 5–7", while "|page= 5" produces "p. 5". The "pp." notation indicating multiple pages, and "p." notation indicating a single page, are placed automatically when you choose between the plural (pages) or singular (page) form of the parameter. These parameters are for listing the pages relevant to the citation, not the total number of pages in the book.
    • nopp: using "page" or "pages", automatically places the p. or pp. notations. If this is inappropriate—for instance, if page=Front cover, placing any value after nopp (e.g. nopp=y will hide the p. or pp. notation.
  • chapter (= contribution): The chapter of the book, written in full. Punctuation other than quotes should be included in the value passed to the parameter, e.g. chapter = Meet Dick and Jane. produces "Meet Dick and Jane." ahead of title.
    • trans_chapter: Acts in the same way as trans_title. The field will be displayed in square brackets within the quotation marks which embrace the chapter field. Use of language parameter is recommended if this parameter is used.
    • chapterurl: URL of an individual chapter of online book. Should be at the same site as url, if any.
  • quote: Relevant quote from the book.
  • ref: use this parameter to make the reference linkable. The template places the field variable after a # to create a hyperlink (the fragment identifier) to the citation. Such a linkable reference can be made the target of wikilinks to full references, especially useful in short citations like shortened notes and author-date referencing. See "Wikilinks to full references" in Examples below for using the ref field in citation templates in conjunction with short <ref>...</ref> citations.
  • laysummary: Link to a non-technical summary (or review) of the book
    • laydate: Date of summary
  • separator: The separator to use in lists of authors, editors, etc. Defaults to ".", but "," may be useful also.
  • postscript: The closing punctuation for the citation. Defaults to ".", but "" may be useful also.
  • lastauthoramp: The separator to use between the last two names in lists of authors. Defaults to "", but "&" may be useful as well.

Examples[ફેરફાર કરો]

Just a title
* {{cite book | title=Mysterious book }}
  • Mysterious book. 
Year and title
* {{cite book | title=Mysterious book | year=1901 }}
  • Mysterious book. 1901.  Check date values in: 1901 (help)
Basic usage
* {{cite book | first=Joe | last=Bloggs | authorlink=Joe Bloggs | year=1974 | title=Book of Bloggs }}
Basic usage with url
* {{cite book | last=Bloggs | first=Joe | authorlink=Joe Bloggs | year=1974 | title=Book of Bloggs | edition=1st | url=http://en.wikipedia.org/ | accessdate=2006-02-17 }}
Citing a chapter in a book with different authors for different chapters and an editor
* {{cite book |last=Bloggs | first=Fred |editor-first=John| editor-last=Doe |title=Big Compilation Book With Many Chapters and distinct chapter authors |publisher=Book Publishers |date=2001-01-01 |pages=100-110 |chapter=Chapter 2: The History Of The Bloggs Family |isbn=1234567890}}
  • Bloggs, Fred (2001-01-01). "Chapter 2: The History Of The Bloggs Family". In Doe, John. Big Book With Many Chapters and distinct chapter authors. Book Publishers. pp. 100–110. ISBN 1234567890 Check |isbn= value (help).  Check date values in: 2001-01-01 (help)
Citing a chapter in a book with two joint authors and an editor
* {{cite book |last1=Bloggs | first1=Joe| last2=Egg| first2=Fred| first3=John (ed.)| last3=Doe |title=Big Book With Many Chapters and two co-authors |publisher=Book Publishers |date=2001-01-01 ||origyear=1st. Pub. 1986|pages=100-110 |chapter=Chapter 6: Getting There| chapterurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/ |isbn=1234567890| lastauthoramp=y}}
  • Bloggs, Joe; Egg, Fred & Doe, John (ed.) (2001-01-01) [1st. Pub. 1986]. "Chapter 6: Getting There". Big Book With Many Chapters and two co-authors. Book Publishers. pp. 100–110. ISBN 1234567890 Check |isbn= value (help).  Check date values in: 2001-01-01 (help)
Three authors, title with a piped wikilink, edition
* {{cite book | last1=Bloggs | first1=Joe | authorlink=Joe Bloggs | first2=John | last2=Smith | first3=Jim | last3=Smythe | title=[[A Thousand Acres|1000 Acres]] | edition=2nd }}
Complex usage showing effect of using volume parameter and lastauthoramp parameter
Without volume and lastauthoramp parameters:
*{{cite book|first1=Major-General I.S.O.| last1=Playfair| authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair| first2=Commander G.M.S| last2=Stitt| first3=Brigadier C.J.C.| last3=Molony| first4=Air Vice-Marshal S.E.| last4=Toomer| editor-first=J.R.M| editor-last=Butler| series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series| title=Mediterranean and Middle East. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941)| publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK|year=2007| origyear=1st. pub. [[HMSO]]:1954| isbn=1-845740-65-3}}
  • Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; Stitt, Commander G.M.S; Molony, Brigadier C.J.C.; Toomer, Air Vice-Marshall S.E. (2007) [1st. pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M, ed. Mediterranean and Middle East. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3.  Check date values in: 2007 (help)
With volume and last authoramp parameters:
*{{cite book|first1=Major-General I.S.O.| last1=Playfair| authorlink1=Ian Stanley Ord Playfair| first2=Commander G.M.S| last2=Stitt| first3=Brigadier C.J.C.| last3=Molony| first4=Air Vice-Marshall S.E.| last4=Toomer| editor-first=J.R.M| editor-last=Butler| series=History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series| title=Mediterranean and Middle East|volume=Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941)| publisher=Naval & Military Press |location=Uckfield, UK|year=2007| origyear=1st. pub. [[HMSO]]:1954| isbn=1-845740-65-3|lastauthoramp=y}}
  • Playfair, Major-General I.S.O.; Stitt, Commander G.M.S; Molony, Brigadier C.J.C. & Toomer, Air Vice-Marshall S.E. (2007) [1st. pub. HMSO:1954]. Butler, J.R.M, ed. Mediterranean and Middle East. History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Volume I: The Early Successes Against Italy (to May 1941). Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press. ISBN 1-845740-65-3.  Check date values in: 2007 (help)
Date without day, wikilinked title and publisher, id, pages, location
* {{cite book | last=Cordell | first=Bruce R. | coauthors=Jeff Grubb, David Noonan | year=2001 | month=September | title=[[Manual of the Planes]] | publisher=[[Wizards of the Coast]] | location=Timbuktu | isbn=0-7869-1850-8 | pages= 134-137 }}
  • Lua error in વિભાગ:Citation/CS1 at line 4077: bad argument #1 to 'pairs' (table expected, got nil).
Other language
* {{cite book | last=Bloggs | first=Joe | year=1974 | title=Book of Bloggs | edition=1st | language=German | url=http://en.wikipedia.org/ | accessdate=2006-02-17 }}
  • Bloggs, Joe (1974). Book of Bloggs (in German) (1st ed.). Retrieved 2006-02-17.  Check date values in: 1974 (help)
Using a DOI
*{{cite book |last=Mumford |first=David |authorlink=David Mumford |year=1999 |title=The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes: Includes the Michigan Lectures (1974) on Curves and Their Jacobians |edition=2nd |publisher=[[Springer-Verlag]] |doi=10.1007/b62130 |isbn=354063293X }}
Wikilinks to full references
As mentioned, the bibliographical data of the cited source can be “tagged” by an identifier: this enables the system to “find” the target of the wikilinks. This “tagging” with an identifier can be done by enclosing between <cite id=…>…</cite> tags, but this tool can be superfluous if the bibliographical data are provided with a citation template: the ref field of the chosen citation template must be set to the same name.
Wikilink example edit:

Shamans may fulfill multiple functions, including healing, curing infertile women, and securing the success of hunts.<ref>[[#Mer85|Merkur 1985]]: 4</ref>

== Notes ==

{{reflist|2}}

== References ==

* {{cite book |last=Merkur |first=Daniel |year=1985 |title=Becoming Half Hidden: Shamanism and Initiation among the Inuit |publisher=Almqvist & Wiksell |location=Stockholm |isbn=91-22-00752-0 |ref=Mer85}}

Example rendered result:

Shamans may fulfill multiple functions, including healing, curing infertile women, and securing the success of hunts.[1]

Notes



References


  • Merkur, Daniel (1985). Becoming Half Hidden: Shamanism and Initiation among the Inuit. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell. ISBN 91-22-00752-0.  Check date values in: 1985 (help)
Attention must be paid: not all other citation templates support this. In such cases, the service can be achieved also by enclosing the concerned bibliographical item inside <cite id=…>…</cite> tags: also this way, it can feature as a target of Wikilinks to full references. The id attribute of the tag must be set to the same name what we would give to the (lacking) ref field of the citation template.

Testing[ફેરફાર કરો]

See Template:cite book/regression tests.

Note[ફેરફાર કરો]

Note the extra full-stop when the last author ends with an initial, and there is no date:

  • Invisible, M. Mysterious book. 

We don't know of a practical solution to this — unless there is a way to test the characters of a field?

Citation styles[ફેરફાર કરો]

Established citation styles for coauthors:

  • MLA style: Last, First and First Last. "If there are more than three authors, you may list only the first author followed by the phrase et al."
  • APA style: Last, F. & Last, F.
  • Chicago Manual of Style: Last, First, and First Last.
  • Turabian: same as Chicago Reference List, above.
  • Harvard: Last, F., Last, F. & Last, F.

COinS[ફેરફાર કરો]

This template produces COinS metadata; see COinS in Wikipedia for background information.

Tools[ફેરફાર કરો]

See Wikipedia:Citing sources#Tools for a list of tools which can help create a reference in the 'cite book' format.

TemplateData[ફેરફાર કરો]

This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools.

TemplateData for Cite book

This template formats a citation to a book using the provided bibliographic information (such as author and title) as well as various formatting options.

Template parameters

Parameter Description Type Status
URL urlURL

The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Title title

The title of the book; displays in italics

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String required
Last name last last1author author1 authors

The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown suggested
First name firstfirst1

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown suggested
Last name 2 last2author2

The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
First name 2 first2

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
Last name 3 last3author3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
First name 3 first3

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
Last name 4 last4author4

The surname of the fourth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
First name 4 first4

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
Last name 5 last5author5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
First name 5 first5

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
Last name 6 last6author6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
First name 6 first6

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
Last name 7 last7author7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
First name 7 first7

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
Last name 8 last8author8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
First name 8 first8

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
Last name 9 last9author9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
First name 9 first9

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
date date

Full date of the source; do not wikilink

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Work work

Name of the work in which the cited book text is found

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Publisher publisher

Name of the publisher; displays after title

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String suggested
Others others

Used to record other contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Year of publication year

Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String suggested
ISBN isbn

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String suggested
Editor last name editor-lasteditor editor-last1 editors

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
Editor first name editor-firsteditor-first1

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Unknown optional
Link for editor editor-linkeditor1-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Edition edition

When the publication has more than one edition; for example: '2nd', 'Revised' etc.; suffixed by ' ed.'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Series identifier seriesversion

Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Volume volume

For one publication published in several volumes

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Location of publication locationplace

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String suggested
Place of publication publication-place

Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Publication date publication-date

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Page page

The number of a single page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'; use either page= or pages=, but not both

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Page(s) cited pages

A range of pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source); displays after 'pp.'; use either page= or pages=, but not both

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String suggested
No pp nopp

Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
At at

May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Language language

The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Script title script-title

For titles in languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Hebrew, Japanese, etc). Prefix with two-character ISO639-1 language code followed by a colon.  For Japanese use: |script-title=ja:...

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translated title trans-title

An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Chapter chapter

The chapter heading of the source; may be wikilinked or with 'chapterurl' but not both

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Translated chapter trans-chapter

An English language chapter heading, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Type type

Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Format format

Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
arXiv identifier arxiv

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
ASIN asin

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
ASIN TLD asin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Bibcode bibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
DOI doi

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
ISSN issn

International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
jfm code jfm

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
JSTOR jstor

JSTOR identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
LCCN lccn

Library of Congress Control Number

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
MR mr

Mathematical Reviews identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
OCLC oclc

Online Computer Library Center number

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
OL ol

Open Library identifier; do not include "OL" at beginning of identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
OSTI osti

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
PMC pmc

PubMed Center article number

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
PMID pmid

PubMed Unique Identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
RFC rfc

Request for Comments number

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
SSRN ssrn

Social Science Research Network

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Zbl zbl

Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
id id

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Quote quote

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Ref ref

An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv and sfn templates

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Name list format name-list-format

Accepts the single keyword 'vanc' to emulate Vancouver Style author / editor name-lists.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Mode mode

Sets separator and terminal punctuation to the style named in the assigned value; allowable values are: 'cs1' or 'cs2'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Postscript postscript

The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined; to suppress use reserved keyword 'none'

Default
.
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Author mask author-maskauthormaskauthormask1

Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Author mask 2 author-mask2authormask2

Replaces the name of the second author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Author mask 3 author-mask3authormask3

Replaces the name of the third author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Author mask 4 author-mask4authormask4

Replaces the name of the fourth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Author mask 5 author-mask5authormask5

Replaces the name of the fifth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Author mask 6 author-mask6authormask6

Replaces the name of the sixth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Author mask 7 author-mask7authormask7

Replaces the name of the seventh author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Author mask 8 author-mask8authormask8

Replaces the name of the eighth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Author mask 9 author-mask9authormask9

Replaces the name of the ninth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Display authors display-authorsdisplayauthors

number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Number optional
Author link author-linkauthorlink1 authorlink

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Author link 2 author-link2author2-link authorlink2

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Author link 3 author-link3author3-link authorlink3

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Author link 4 author-link4author4-link authorlink4

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Author link 5 author-link5author5-link authorlink5

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Author link 6 author-link6author6-link authorlink6

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Author link 7 author-link7author7-link authorlink7

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Author link 8 author-link8author8-link authorlink8

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Author link 9 author-link9author9-link authorlink9

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
URL access date access-dateaccessdate

The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Original year orig-yearorigyear

Original year of publication; provide specifics

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Last name of second editor editor-last2editor2-last

The surname of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
First name of second editor editor-first2editor2-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Link for second editor editor-link2editor2-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second editor

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Last name of third editor editor-last3editor3-last

The surname of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
First name of third editor editor-first3editor3-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Link for third editor editor-link3editor3-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third editor

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Last name of fourth editor editor-last4editor4-last

The surname of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
First name of fourth editor editor-first4editor4-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Link for fourth editor editor-link4editor4-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth editor

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Last name of fifth editor editor-last5editor5-last

The surname of the fifth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor5-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
First name of fifth editor editor-first5editor5-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor5-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Link for fifth editor editor-link5editor5-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth editor

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Last name of sixth editor editor-last6editor6-last

The surname of the sixth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor6-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
First name of sixth editor editor-first6editor6-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor6-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Link for sixth editor editor-link6editor6-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth editor

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Last name of seventh editor editor-last7editor7-last

The surname of the seventh editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor7-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
First name of seventh editor editor-first7editor7-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor7-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Link for seventh editor editor-link7editor7-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh editor

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Last name of eighth editor editor-last8editor8-last

The surname of the eighth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor8-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
First name of eighth editor editor-first8editor8-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor8-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Link for eighth editor editor-link8editor8-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth editor

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Last name of ninth editor editor-last9editor9-last

The surname of the ninth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor9-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
First name of ninth editor editor-first9editor9-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor9-link'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Link for ninth editor editor-link9editor9-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth editor

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Page optional
Chapter URL chapter-urlchapterurl

The URL of the online location where the text of the chapter can be found

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
DOI broken date doi-broken-datedoi_brokendate

The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Archive URL archive-urlarchiveurl

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Archive date archive-datearchivedate

Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Dead URL dead-urldeadurl

If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Lay URL lay-urllaysummary layurl

URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Lay source lay-sourcelaysource

Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Lay date lay-datelaydate

Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional
Last author ampersand last-author-amplastauthoramp

When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
String optional

See also[ફેરફાર કરો]