ઢાંચો:Citation/doc

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The Citation template generates a citation for a book, periodical, contribution in a collective work, patent, or a web page. It determines the citation type by examining which parameters are used.

If invoked with the right parameters, this template produces output identical to that of the Cite templates, such as {{cite book}} and {{cite web}}. The default behavior sometimes differs from that of the Cite templates; for example, this template by default generates anchors for Harvard references whereas the Cite templates do not (although they can be made to do so), and this template by default uses commas to separate some fields that the Cite templates separate with periods.

All parameter names are lowercase.

Anchored citations[ફેરફાર કરો]

This template can generate a citation that can be combined with shortened footnotes or parenthetical referencing. It does this by creating an HTML anchor containing an ID. The special parameter |ref=harv generates an ID suitable for Harvard referencing templates such as {{harv}} as specified in the next section; this is the default for the {{citation}} template. If an empty |ref= is given, no anchor is generated; this is the default for the Cite templates such as {{cite book}} and {{cite news}}. You can also specify the ID directly, using the |ref=ID parameter. For example, suppose an article's References section contains the markup:

  • {{Citation |author=Sigmund Freud |title=Civilization and Its Discontents |year=1930 |ref=CivDis}}

which generates the citation:

  • Sigmund Freud (1930), Civilization and Its Discontents 

Then, the markup "([[#CivDis|Freud 1930]])" generates a parenthetical reference "(Freud 1930)" containing a wikilink to the citation (try clicking on the wikilink).

Anchors for Harvard referencing templates[ફેરફાર કરો]

IDs compatible with Harvard referencing templates such as {{harv}} are computed from the last names of the authors and the year of the cited source. For example, the markup "{{harv|Wright|Evans|1851|p=ix}}" generates the Harvard reference "(Wright & Evans 1851, p. ix)", which wikilinks to the citation whose markup and appearance are shown below:

  • {{Citation |last1=Wright |first1=Thomas |last2=Evans |first2=R.H. |title=Historical and Descriptive Account of the Caricatures of James Gillray |location=London |publisher=Henry G. Bohn |year=1851 |oclc=59510372 }}
  • Wright, Thomas; Evans, R.H. (1851), Historical and Descriptive Account of the Caricatures of James Gillray, London: Henry G. Bohn, OCLC 59510372 

In this example the {{citation}} template defines, and the {{harv}} template uses, the HTML ID "CITEREFWrightEvans1851", composed by concatenating the string "CITEREF" with the last names of the authors and the year. The {{harvid}} template can be used to generate such IDs, for example, {{harvid|Wright|Evans|1851}} generates "ઢાંચો:Harvid".

The names of only the first four authors are used; other author names are not concatenated to the ID. If no author names are given, editor names are used instead. For patents, inventor names are used instead of authors or editors. If these names are not given, this template does not generate an anchor.

Last names are used, as specified by the parameters |last1= (or |last=), |last2=, |last3=, and |last4=, and similarly for |editor1-last= etc. and for |inventor1-last= etc. If a full name is given but no last name is specified, this template falls back on the full name, but this usage is not recommended. For example, in "{{Citation |author=Sigmund Freud |title=The Ego and the Id |year=1923}}" no last name is given, so this citation cannot be combined with the Harvard reference "{{harv|Freud|1923}}". To make these {{citation}} and {{harv}} invocations compatible, either replace "|author=Sigmund Freud" with "|first=Sigmund |last=Freud", or add "|ref={{harvid|Freud|1923}}" to the {{citation}} invocation, or add the same ref parameter (say, "|ref=EgoId") to both the {{citation}} and the {{harv}} invocations.

Similarly, the year is used, as specified by |year=. If no year is given, this template attempts to derive the year from |date= (or, if no date is given, from |publication-date=) by applying the MediaWiki #time function. This heuristic works with many common date formats but has known problems, so when in doubt it is safer to use |year=.

IDs must be unique[ફેરફાર કરો]

Names, years, and hand-specified IDs must be chosen so that the IDs are unique within a page; otherwise the HTML will not conform to the W3C standards, and any references to the citations will not work reliably. For example, suppose a page contains the following two citations with {{harv}}-compatible IDs:

If these citations were altered to say "2008" rather than "2008a" and "2008b", the resulting page would not work, because the two different citations would both attempt to use the ID "CITEREFMontesHalterman2008". To avoid this problem, distinguish the citations by appending suffixes to the years, e.g., "|year=2008a" and "|year=2008b", as was done above. Any Harvard references to these citations should use years with the same suffixes.

It is good practice to verify that a page does not contain duplicate IDs by using the W3C Markup Validation Service; see External links.

Citing books[ફેરફાર કરો]

Parameters (all are optional)[ફેરફાર કરો]

{{Citation
|last=
|first=
|author=
|authorlink=
|coauthors=
|firstn=,lastn=,authorn=
|author-separator=
|editor=
|editorn=
|editorn-last=
|editorn-first=
|editor-link=
|editorn-link=
|others=
|title=
|url=
|archiveurl=
|archivedate=
|format=
|accessdate=
|edition=
|series=
|volume=
|date=
|origyear=
|year=
|month=
|publisher=
|location=
|language=
|isbn=
|oclc=
|doi=
|doi_brokendate=
|bibcode=
|id=
|page=
|pages=
|nopp=
|at=
|chapter=
|chapterurl=
|quote=
|laysummary=
|laydate=
|separator=
|postscript=
|lastauthoramp=
|ref=
}}
  • last (or last1): The author's surname or last name.
  • first (or first1): The author's first or given name(s).
  • author (or author1): The author's name, if not in the last/first format.
  • author-link (or author1-link): Title of an existing Wikipedia article about the first author.
  • last2, last3, last4: The second, third, and fourth authors' surname or last name, if applicable.
  • first2, first3, first4: The second, third, and fourth authors' first or given name(s), if applicable.
  • author2, author3, author4: The second, third, and fourth authors' names, if applicable.
  • author2-link, author3-link, author4-link: Title of an existing Wikipedia article about the second, third, and fourth author, if applicable.
  • author-separator: override the default semi-colon that separates authors' names.
  • author-name-separator: override the default comma that separates authors' names.
  • display-authors: Truncate the list of authors at an arbitrary point with "et al". Still include the first 9 authors to allow metadata to be generated.
  • publication-date (or date): Date[n ૧] of publication.
  • date: Date[n ૧] of authorship, if different from date of publication. If only date is used, it will be treated as the date of publication.
  • year: Year of authorship or publication. (Mandatory for use with links from Template:Harvard citation. In some situations, the template may be able to derive a year from the full date.)
  • origyear: Year of first publication, if different.
  • title: Title of the book. If the title includes [square brackets], these must be encoded as "[" for "[" and "]" for "]"
  • edition: Number or name of the edition, if not the first; for example: edition=2nd.
  • volume: The volume number of a multi-volume book.
  • series: The book series of which this book is a part.
  • publication-place (or place): The city of publication. If more than one town/city is listed on the title page, give the first one or the location of the publisher's head office. If the city is not well-known, you may add a county, region, or state. States in the U.S. are denoted by a two-letter code; for example: place=Paris, TX (no period at the end). Where the publisher is a university and the place or location is included in the name of the university, do not use this parameter.
  • place: City in which the work was made, if different from the city of publication. If only place is used, it will be treated as the city of publication.
  • publisher: The name of the publisher. Omit terms such as Publishers, Co., Inc., Ltd., etc., but retain the words Books or Press.
  • pages: For use when multiple pages are cited. Adds "pp." before the page numbers. Do not use with page.
  • page: For use when one page is cited. Adds "p." before the page number. Do not use with pages.
  • nopp: if set to any value, page=/pages= do not generate 'p.' or 'pp.'. E.g. nopp=true. Using at= has the same effect.
  • at: Position within the resource when page=/pages= is inappropriate, e.g. at=para. 14 (when citing a source without page numbers) or at=02:56 (a film or audio timestamp), or at=no. 456 (something in a numbered list). This parameter is ignored if page=/pages= is specified.
  • id: Identifier such as ISBN 1–111–22222–9
  • isbn: Use this parameter if the book has an ISBN.
  • doi: A digital object identifier such as 10.1016/j.coi.2004.08.001.
    • doi_brokendate: Date[n ૧] on which the DOI was observed to be not functioning.
  • oclc: Online Computer Library Center ID number, such as 3185581 (superfluous when ISBN is given).
  • url: An url of an online location where the book can be found.
  • archive parameters (if used, must be used both of them together)
    • archiveurl: The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if (or in case) the url becomes unavailable. Typically used to refer to services like WebCite and Archive.org.
    • archivedate: Date when the item was archived. Should not be wikilinked.
  • accessdate: Date[n ૧] when the url was accessed.
  • separator: specifies the punctuation mark used to separate certain fields. This defaults to a comma; the 'Cite xxx' family of templates uses a period.
  • laysummary: URL of a lay summary, which could be in a popular science magazine or newspaper.
  • laydate: The date[n ૧] of publication or, where this is not available, date of retrieval of the lay summary.
  • postscript: Set terminal punctuation. Omit or leave blank to remove the trailing full stop. Punctuation specified by this parameter will appear within the cite span, and consequently before any icons added by metadata-using software (e.g. library browser plugins). Hence this parameter should be used instead of manually appending data to the citation. This parameter is ignored if |quote= is specified, when |postscript=. is forced.
  • lastauthoramp: If supplied, whether or not assigned a value, places an ampersand (&) before the last name of final author, if more than one author is supplied. Recommended usage is lastauthoramp=yes.
  • ref: ID for Harvard references; see Harvard references to citations.

Examples[ફેરફાર કરો]

One author
{{ Citation
 | last=Turner
 | first=O.
 | title=History of the Pioneer
Settlement of Phelps and Gorham's
Purchase, and Morris' Reserve
 | publisher=William Alling
 | place=Rochester, New York
 | year=1851
 | url = http://olivercowdery.com/texts/1851Trn1.htm#turn1851
 }}
Turner, O. (1851), History of the Pioneer Settlement of Phelps and Gorham's Purchase, and Morris' Reserve, Rochester, New York: William Alling, http://olivercowdery.com/texts/1851Trn1.htm#turn1851 
Three authors, a volume, and an edition. Ampersand (&) forced before final author's name.
{{ Citation
 | last1=Lincoln
 | first1=A.
 | last2=Washington
 | first2=G.
 | last3=Adams
 | first3=J.
 | lastauthoramp=yes
 | title=All the Presidents' Names
 | publisher=The Pentagon
 | place=Home Base, New York
 | volume=XII
 | edition=2nd
 | year=2007
}}
Lincoln, A.; Washington, G. & Adams, J. (2007), All the Presidents' Names, XII (2nd ed.), Home Base, New York: The Pentagon 

Citing journals, newspapers, magazines, or other periodicals[ફેરફાર કરો]

Parameters[ફેરફાર કરો]

{{Citation
 | last =
 | first =
 | author-link =
 | publication-date =
 | date =
 | year =
 | title =
 | periodical =
 | series =
 | publication-place =
 | place =
 | publisher =
 | volume =
 | issue =
 | pages =
 | page =
 | at =
 | url =
 | archiveurl =
 | archivedate =
 | issn =
 | pmid =
 | pmc =
 | doi =
 | oclc =
 | accessdate =
 | postscript =
 | ref =
}}
ઢાંચો:Citation parameter legend

Examples[ફેરફાર કરો]

Journal article
{{Citation
 | last=Hill
 | first=Marvin S.
 | title=Joseph Smith and the 1826
Trial: New Evidence and New
Difficulties
 | journal=BYU Studies
 | volume=12
 | issue=2
 | year=1976
 | pages=1–8
 | url=https://byustudies.byu.edu/
shop/PDFSRC/12.2Hill.pdf
 }}
Hill, Marvin S. (1976), "Joseph Smith and the 1826 Trial: New Evidence and New Difficulties", BYU Studies 12 (2): 1–8, https://byustudies.byu.edu/shop/PDFSRC/12.2Hill.pdf 
Newspaper article
{{Citation
 | last=Smith
 | first=Joseph III
 | author-link=Joseph Smith III
 | title=Last Testimony of Sister Emma
 | newspaper=The Saints' Herald
 | publication-place=Plano, IL
 | volume=26
 | issue=19
 | date=October 1, 1879
 | year=1879
 | month=October
 | page=289
 | url=http://www.sidneyrigdon.com/
dbroadhu/IL/sain1872.htm#100179
 }}
Smith, Joseph III (October 1, 1879), "Last Testimony of Sister Emma", The Saints' Herald (Plano, IL) 26 (19): 289, http://www.sidneyrigdon.com/dbroadhu/IL/sain1872.htm#100179 

Citing edited books, or parts of edited books, including encyclopedias and encyclopedia articles[ફેરફાર કરો]

Parameters[ફેરફાર કરો]

{{Citation
 | last =
 | first =
 | author-link =
 | last2 =
 | first2 =
 | author2-link =
 | year =
 | date =
 | publication-date =
 | contribution =
 | contribution-url =
 | editor-last =
 | editor-first =
 | editor-link =
 | editor2-last =
 | editor2-first =
 | editor2-link =
 | title =
 | edition =
 | series =
 | place =
 | publication-place =
 | publisher =
 | volume =
 | pages =
 | id =
 | isbn =
 | doi =
 | oclc =
 | url =
 | ref =
}}
  • last (or last1): The first author's surname or last name.
  • first (or first1): The first author's first or given name(s).
  • author (or author1): The author's name, if not in the last/first format.
  • author-link (or author1-link): Title of an existing Wikipedia article about the first author.
  • last2, last3, last4: The second, third, and fourth authors' surname or last name, if applicable.
  • first2, first3, first4: The second, third, and fourth authors' first or given name(s), if applicable.
  • author2, author3, author4: The second, third, and fourth authors' names, if applicable.
  • author2-link, author3-link, author4-link: Title of an existing Wikipedia article about the second, third, and fourth author, if applicable.
  • year: Year of authorship or publication. (Mandatory for use with links from Template:Harvard citation. In some situations, the template may be able to derive a year from the full date.)
  • date: Date[n ૧] of authorship or publication.
  • publication-date: Date[n ૧] of publication (if different from date).
  • contribution (or chapter): Title of the contribution or chapter.
  • contribution-url (or chapter-url): URL of the contribution or chapter.
  • editor-last (or editor1-last): The first editor's surname or last name.
  • editor-first (or editor1-first): The first editor's first or given name(s).
  • editor-link (or editor1-link): Title of an existing Wikipedia article about the first editor.
  • editor2-last, editor3-last, editor4-last: The second, third, and fourth editor' surname or last name, if applicable.
  • editor2-first, editor3-first, editor4-first: The second, third, and fourth editors' first or given name(s), if applicable.
  • editor2-link, editor3-link, editor4-link: Title of an existing Wikipedia article about the second, third, and fourth editor, if applicable.
  • title: Title of the book or compilation. If the title includes [square brackets], these must be encoded as "[" for "[" and "]" for "]"
  • edition: Number or name of the edition, if not the first; for example: edition=2nd.
  • series: Series of which this periodical is a part.
  • volume: The volume number of a multi-volume book or compilation.
  • place (or location): The place where the article, encyclopedia entry, or other included item was created. Usually, this is collective work's city of publication; if not, then use the separate publication-place parameter. If more than one town/city is listed on the title page, give the first one or the location of the publisher's head office. If the city is not well-known, you may add a county, region, or state. States in the U.S. are denoted by a two-letter code; for example: place=Paris, TX (no period at the end). Where the publisher is a university and the place or location is included in the name of the university, do not use this parameter.
  • publication-place. The place where the collective work was published (if different from place or location).
  • publisher: The name of the publisher. Omit terms such as Publishers, Co., Inc., Ltd., etc., but retain the words Books or Press.
  • id: Identifier such as ISBN 1–111–22222–9
  • isbn: Use this parameter if the book or compilation has an ISBN.
  • doi: A digital object identifier such as 10.1016/j.coi.2004.08.001.
  • oclc: Online Computer Library Center ID number, such as 3185581 (superfluous when ISBN is given).
  • url: An url of an online location where the source being cited can be found.
  • accessdate: Date[n ૧] when the url was accessed. The access date is only shown if "|url=" is used. The "|accessdate=" has no effect if "|contribution-url=" is used.
  • ref: ID for Harvard references; see Harvard references to citations.

Examples[ફેરફાર કરો]

Manuscript published in an edited compilation
{{Citation
 | last=Bidamon
 | first=Emma Smith
 | author-link=Emma Hale Smith
 | chapter=Letter to Emma S. Pilgrim
 | date=March 27, 1876
 | year=1876
 | editor-last=Vogel
 | editor-first=Dan
 | title=Early Mormon Documents
 | volume=1
 | publisher=Signature Books
 | publication-date=1996
 | isbn=1–56085–072–8
 }}
Bidamon, Emma Smith (March 27, 1876), "Letter to Emma S. Pilgrim", in Vogel, Dan, Early Mormon Documents, 1, Signature Books, 1996, ISBN 1–56085–072–8 
Work with an editor but no author
{{Citation
 | editor-last=Vogel
 | editor-first=Dan
 | title=Early Mormon Documents
 | volume=1
 | publisher=Signature Books
 | publication-date=1996
 | isbn=1–56085–072–8
 }}
Vogel, Dan, ed. (1996), Early Mormon Documents, 1, Signature Books, ISBN 1–56085–072–8 
Encyclopedia article by a named author
{{Citation
  | last = Kramer
  | first = Martin
  | author-link = Martin Kramer
  | contribution = Bernard Lewis
  | editor-last = Boyd
  | editor-first = Kelley
  | title = Encyclopedia of Historians
and Historical Writing
  | volume = 1
  | pages = 719–720
  | publisher = Fitzroy Dearborn
  | place = London
  | publication-date = 1999
  | contribution-url = http://
www.geocities.com/martinkramerorg/
BernardLewis.htm
}}
Kramer, Martin (1999), "Bernard Lewis", in Boyd, Kelley, Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing, 1, London: Fitzroy Dearborn, pp. 719–720, http://www.geocities.com/martinkramerorg/BernardLewis.htm 
Encyclopedia article with no named author
{{Citation
  | contribution = Bernard Lewis
  | editor-last = Boyd
  | editor-first = Kelley
  | title = Encyclopedia of Historians
and Historical Writing
  | volume = 1
  | pages = 719–720
  | publisher = Fitzroy Dearborn
  | place = London
  | year = 1999
  | contribution-url = http://
www.geocities.com/martinkramerorg/
BernardLewis.htm
}}
Boyd, Kelley, ed. (1999), "Bernard Lewis", Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing, 1, London: Fitzroy Dearborn, pp. 719–720, http://www.geocities.com/martinkramerorg/BernardLewis.htm 

Citing contributions, republications, or edited quotations in a periodical article[ફેરફાર કરો]

Parameters[ફેરફાર કરો]

{{Citation
 | last =
 | first =
 | author-link =
 | last2 =
 | first2 =
 | author2-link =
 | year =
 | date =
 | publication-date =
 | contribution =
 | contribution-url =
 | editor-last =
 | editor-first =
 | editor-link =
 | editor2-last =
 | editor2-first =
 | editor2-link =
 | title =
 | periodical =
 | series =
 | volume =
 | issue =
 | pages =
 | place =
 | publication-place =
 | publisher =
 | id =
 | issn =
 | doi =
 | oclc =
 | url =
 | accessdate =
 | ref =
}}
  • last (or last1): The first author's surname or last name.
  • first (or first1): The first author's first or given name(s).
  • author (or author1): The author's name, if not in the last/first format.
  • author-link (or author1-link): Title of an existing Wikipedia article about the first author.
  • last2, last3, last4: The second, third, and fourth authors' surname or last name, if applicable.
  • first2, first3, first4: The second, third, and fourth authors' first or given name(s), if applicable.
  • author2, author3, author4: The second, third, and fourth authors' names, if applicable.
  • author2-link, author3-link, author4-link: Title of an existing Wikipedia article about the second, third, and fourth author, if applicable.
  • year: Year of authorship or publication. (Mandatory for use with links from Template:Harvard citation. In some situations, the template may be able to derive a year from the full date.)
  • date: Date of authorship or publication.
  • publication-date: Date of publication (if different from date).
  • contribution (or chapter): Title of the contribution or chapter.
  • contribution-url (or chapter-url): URL of the contribution or chapter.
  • editor-last (or editor1-last): The first editor's surname or last name.
  • editor-first (or editor2-first): The first editor's first or given name(s).
  • editor-link (or editor1-link): Title of an existing Wikipedia article about the first editor.
  • editor2-last, editor3-last, editor4-last: The second, third, and fourth editor' surname or last name, if applicable.
  • editor2-first, editor3-first, editor4-first: The second, third, and fourth editors' first or given name(s), if applicable.
  • editor2-link, editor3-link, editor4-link: Title of an existing Wikipedia article about the second, third, and fourth editor, if applicable.
  • title: Title of the book or compilation. If the title includes [square brackets], these must be encoded as "[" for "[" and "]" for "]"
  • periodical (or journal, newspaper, magazine): Name of the periodical.
  • series: Series of which this periodical is a part.
  • volume: The volume number of the journal.
  • issue (or number): The issue number of the journal.
  • pages (optional): The pages in the issue where the article may be found.
  • place (or location): The place where the article, encyclopedia entry, or other included item was created. Usually, this is collective work's city of publication; if not, then use the separate publication-place parameter. If more than one town/city is listed on the title page, give the first one or the location of the publisher's head office. If the city is not well-known, you may add a county, region, or state. States in the U.S. are denoted by a two-letter code; for example: place=Paris, TX (no period at the end). Where the publisher is a university and the place or location is included in the name of the university, do not use this parameter.
  • publication-place. The place where the collective work was published (if different from place or location).
  • id: Identifier such as ISBN 1–111–22222–9
  • issn: The eight-digit International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) identifying the journal.
  • doi: A digital object identifier such as 10.1016/j.coi.2004.08.001.
  • oclc: Online Computer Library Center ID number, such as 3185581 (superfluous when ISBN is given).
  • url: An url of an online location where the book or compilation can be found.
  • accessdate: Date[n ૧] when the url was accessed.
  • ref: ID for Harvard references; see Harvard references to citations.

Examples[ફેરફાર કરો]

Manuscript edited and published in a journal
{{Citation
 | last=Knight
 | first=Joseph, Sr.
 | year=1833
 | editor-last=Jessee
 | editor-first=Dean
 | title=Joseph Knight's Recollection
of Early Mormon History
 | journal=BYU Studies
 | volume=17
 | issue=1
 | publication-date=1976
 | pages=35
 | url=https://byustudies.byu.edu/
shop/PDFSRC/17.1Jessee.pdf
 }}
Knight, Joseph, Sr. (1833), Jessee, Dean, ed., "Joseph Knight's Recollection of Early Mormon History", BYU Studies 17 (1): 35, 1976, https://byustudies.byu.edu/shop/PDFSRC/17.1Jessee.pdf 
Manuscript written at one date and place, then published in a periodical at a different date and place with commentary by the editor.
{{Citation
 | last=Klingensmith
 | first=Philip
 | contribution=Affidavit
 | year=1872
 | date=September 5, 1872
 | place=Lincoln County, Nevada
 | title=Mountain Meadows Massacre
 | editor-last=Toohy
 | editor-first=Dennis J.
 | journal=Corinne Daily Reporter
 | publication-date=September 24, 1872
 | publication-place=Corinne, Utah
 | volume=5
 | issue=252
 | pages=1
 | contribution-url=http://
udn.lib.utah.edu/u?/corinne,5359
 }}
Klingensmith, Philip (September 5, 1872), Affidavit, written at Lincoln County, Nevada, in Toohy, Dennis J., "Mountain Meadows Massacre", Corinne Daily Reporter (Corinne, Utah) 5 (252): 1, September 24, 1872, http://udn.lib.utah.edu/u?/corinne,5359 

Citing patents[ફેરફાર કરો]

Parameters (all are optional)[ફેરફાર કરો]

{{Citation
 | inventor-last =
 | inventor-first =
 | inventorlink =
 | inventor2-last =
 | inventor2-first =
 | inventorlink2 =
 | publication-date =
 | issue-date =
 | title =
 | country-code =
 | description =
 | patent-number =
}}
  • inventor-last (or inventor1-last): The inventor's surname or last name.
  • inventor-first (or inventor1-first): The inventor's first or given name(s).
  • inventorlink (or inventorlink1): Title of an existing Wikipedia article about the first inventor.
  • inventor2-last, inventor3-last, inventor4-last: The second, third, and fourth authors' surname or last name, if applicable.
  • inventor2-first, inventor3-first, inventor4-first: The second, third, and fourth inventors' first or given name(s), if applicable.
  • inventorlink2, inventorlink3, inventorlink4: Title of an existing Wikipedia article about the second, third, and fourth inventor, if applicable.
  • publication-date: Date of publication or filing.
  • issue-date (or date): Date patent was issued by patent agency.
  • title: Title of the patent. If the title includes [square brackets], these must be encoded as "[" for "[" and "]" for "]"
  • country-code: Two-letter abbreviation of the country issuing the patent.
  • description: Type of patent; shown between country code and number.
  • patent-number: The number of the patent.

Examples[ફેરફાર કરો]

United States patent with multiple inventors
{{Citation
 | inventor1-last = Degermark
 | inventor1-first = Mikael
 | inventor2-last = Brodnik
 | inventor2-first = Andrej
 | inventor3-last = Carlsson
 | inventor3-first = Svante
 | inventor4-last = Pink
 | inventor4-first = Stephen
 | title = Fast routing lookup system
using complete prefix tree, bit vector,
and pointers in a routing table for
determining where to route IP datagrams
 | issue-date = 2001
 | patent-number = 6266706
 | country-code = US}}
US 6266706, ઢાંચો:Citation/authors, "Fast routing lookup system using complete prefix tree, bit vector, and pointers in a routing table for determining where to route IP datagrams", issued 2001 

Dates[ફેરફાર કરો]

  1. ૧.૦ ૧.૧ ૧.૨ ૧.૩ ૧.૪ ૧.૫ ૧.૬ ૧.૭ ૧.૮
    • The format of dates in the references of an article should use a consistent and unambiguous style. Example formats used in Wikipedia citations include:
    • 2009
    • 2009-09-14
    • 14 September 2009
    • September 14, 2009 (with comma)
    • 2009 Sep 14
    • September 2009
    • Sept./Oct. 2009
    • As indicated above, month names are sometimes abbreviated (e.g., September to "Sept" or "Sept." or "Sep" or "Sep.")
    • Dates should not be linked in references.
    • Please see Wikipedia:Manual of Style (dates and numbers)#Dates for more guidance about formatting dates.

Tools[ફેરફાર કરો]

See Wikipedia:Citing sources#Citation templates and tools for a list of tools which can help create a reference in the 'citation' format.

COinS[ફેરફાર કરો]

This template produces COinS metadata; see COinS in Wikipedia for background information.

Additional parameters[ફેરફાર કરો]

ઢાંચો:AuthorMask doc

Template Data[ફેરફાર કરો]

This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools; see the monthly error report for this template.

TemplateData for Citation

The Citation template generates a citation for a book, periodical, contribution in a collective work, patent, or a web page. It determines the citation type by examining which parameters are used.

Template parameters

ParameterDescriptionTypeStatus
author surnamelast

surname of the author of the cited material

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
author given namefirst

given name (first name) of the author of the cited material

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
title of sourcetitle

Title of source; displays in italics.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
date of sourcedate

Full date of source being referenced in the same format as other publication dates in the citations.[1] Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after publisher.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
url of sourceurl

URL of an online location where the text of the publication can be found.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
11

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
22

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
33

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
inventor-surnameinventor-surname

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
inventor1-surnameinventor1-surname

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
inventor-lastinventor-last

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
inventor1-lastinventor1-last

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
inventorinventor

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
invent1invent1

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
invent-1invent-1

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
country-codecountry-code

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
inventor2-surnameinventor2-surname

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
inventor2-lastinventor2-last

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
inventor2inventor2

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
invent2invent2

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
inventor3-surnameinventor3-surname

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
inventor3-lastinventor3-last

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
inventor3inventor3

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
invent3invent3

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
inventor4-surnameinventor4-surname

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
inventor4-lastinventor4-last

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
inventor4inventor4

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
invent4invent4

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
inventor-giveninventor-given

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
inventor1-giveninventor1-given

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
inventor-firstinventor-first

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
inventor1-firstinventor1-first

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
inventor2-giveninventor2-given

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
inventor2-firstinventor2-first

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
inventor3-giveninventor3-given

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
inventor3-firstinventor3-first

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
inventor4-giveninventor4-given

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
inventor4-firstinventor4-first

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
inventorlink1inventorlink1

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
inventorlinkinventorlink

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
inventorlink2inventorlink2

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
inventorlink3inventorlink3

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
inventorlink4inventorlink4

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
countrycountry

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
publication-numberpublication-number

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
patent-numberpatent-number

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
numbernumber

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
descriptiondescription

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
statusstatus

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
publication-datepublication-date

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
pubdatepubdate

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
issue-dateissue-date

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
gdategdate

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
yearyear

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
fdatefdate

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
pridatepridate

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
assign1assign1

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
assign2assign2

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
refref

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
separatorseparator

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
quotequote

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
postscriptpostscript

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
author-separatorauthor-separator

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
author-maskauthor-mask

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
authormaskauthormask

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
surnamesurname

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
last1last1

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
surname1surname1

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
author1author1

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
authorauthor

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
authorsauthors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
last2last2

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
surname2surname2

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
author2author2

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
last3last3

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
surname3surname3

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
author3author3

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
last4last4

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
surname4surname4

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
author4author4

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
last5last5

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empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
surname5surname5

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
author5author5

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
last6last6

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
surname6surname6

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
author6author6

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
last7last7

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
surname7surname7

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
author7author7

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
last8last8

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
surname8surname8

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
author8author8

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
last9last9

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
surname9surname9

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
author9author9

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
first1first1

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
given1given1

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
givengiven

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
first2first2

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
given2given2

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
first3first3

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
given3given3

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
first4first4

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
given4given4

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
first5first5

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
given5given5

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
first6first6

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
given6given6

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
first7first7

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
given7given7

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
first8first8

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
given8given8

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
first9first9

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
given9given9

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
author-linkauthor-link

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
author1-linkauthor1-link

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
authorlinkauthorlink

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
authorlink1authorlink1

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
author2-linkauthor2-link

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
authorlink2authorlink2

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
author3-linkauthor3-link

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
authorlink3authorlink3

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
author4-linkauthor4-link

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
authorlink4authorlink4

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
author5-linkauthor5-link

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
authorlink5authorlink5

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
author6-linkauthor6-link

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
authorlink6authorlink6

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
author7-linkauthor7-link

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
authorlink7authorlink7

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
author8-linkauthor8-link

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
authorlink8authorlink8

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
author9-linkauthor9-link

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
authorlink9authorlink9

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
coauthorcoauthor

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
coauthorscoauthors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
origyearorigyear

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
monthmonth

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
trans_chaptertrans_chapter

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
trans_titletrans_title

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
typetype

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
archiveurlarchiveurl

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
deadurldeadurl

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
seriesseries

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
versionversion

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
journaljournal

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
periodicalperiodical

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
newspapernewspaper

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
magazinemagazine

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
workwork

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
volumevolume

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
issueissue

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
pagespages

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
pagepage

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
atat

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
noppnopp

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
chapterchapter

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
contributioncontribution

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
chapter-urlchapter-url

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
chapterurlchapterurl

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
contribution-urlcontribution-url

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
chapter-formatchapter-format

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
othersothers

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
editionedition

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
placeplace

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
locationlocation

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
publication-placepublication-place

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
publisherpublisher

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
editor-lasteditor-last

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
editor-surnameeditor-surname

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
editor1-lasteditor1-last

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
editor1-surnameeditor1-surname

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
editor1editor1

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
editoreditor

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
editorseditors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
editor2-lasteditor2-last

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
editor2-surnameeditor2-surname

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
editor2editor2

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
editor3-lasteditor3-last

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
editor3-surnameeditor3-surname

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
editor3editor3

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
editor4-lasteditor4-last

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
editor4-surnameeditor4-surname

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
editor4editor4

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
editor-firsteditor-first

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
editor-giveneditor-given

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
editor1-firsteditor1-first

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
editor1-giveneditor1-given

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
editor2-firsteditor2-first

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
editor2-giveneditor2-given

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
editor3-firsteditor3-first

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
editor3-giveneditor3-given

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
editor4-firsteditor4-first

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
editor4-giveneditor4-given

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empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
editor-linkeditor-link

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
editor1-linkeditor1-link

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
editor2-linkeditor2-link

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
editor3-linkeditor3-link

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
editor4-linkeditor4-link

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
languagelanguage

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
inin

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
formatformat

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
arxivarxiv

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
asinasin

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
ASINASIN

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
asin-tldasin-tld

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
bibcodebibcode

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
doidoi

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
DOIDOI

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
doi_inactivedatedoi_inactivedate

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
doi_brokendatedoi_brokendate

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
isbnisbn

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
ISBNISBN

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
issnissn

Default
empty
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empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
ISSNISSN

Default
empty
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empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
jfmjfm

Default
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Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
JFMJFM

Default
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Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
jstorjstor

Default
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Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
JSTORJSTOR

Default
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empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
lccnlccn

Default
empty
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empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
LCCNLCCN

Default
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Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
mrmr

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
MRMR

Default
empty
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empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
oclcoclc

Default
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empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
OCLCOCLC

Default
empty
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empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
olol

Default
empty
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empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
OLOL

Default
empty
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empty
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empty
Stringoptional
ostiosti

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empty
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empty
Stringoptional
OSTIOSTI

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empty
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empty
Stringoptional
pmcpmc

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empty
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empty
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empty
Stringoptional
PMCPMC

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empty
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empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
pmidpmid

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empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
PMIDPMID

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
rfcrfc

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
RFCRFC

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
ssrnssrn

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
SSRNSSRN

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
zblzbl

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
idid

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
IDID

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
access-dateaccess-date

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
accessdateaccessdate

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
laysummarylaysummary

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
laysourcelaysource

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
laydatelaydate

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
author-name-separatorauthor-name-separator

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
lastauthoramplastauthoramp

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
display-authorsdisplay-authors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
archivedatearchivedate

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional