અદ્વૈત વેદાંતના આચાર્યોની યાદી
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અદ્વૈત વેદાંત (સંસ્કૃત अद्वैत वेदान्त)ને હિંદુ દર્શનશાસ્ત્રની વેદાંત (શાબ્દિક અર્થ, અંત અથવા વેદનો મુખ્ય ઉદ્દેશ, સંસ્કૃત) શાખાની સૌથી વધારે પ્રભાવશાળી ઉપશાખા માનવામાં આવે છે. વેદાંતની અન્ય શાખા દ્વૈત અને વિશિષ્ટાદ્વૈત છે. અદ્વૈત (શાબ્દિકનો અર્થ અનન્યતા)એ એકેશ્વરવાદ વિચારધારાની પરંપરા છે. "અદ્વૈત" એટલે સ્વ (આત્મા) અને સર્વ (બ્રહ્મ)ની ઓળખ. અદ્વૈત વેદાંતના આચાર્યોની યાદી નીચે મુજબ છે.
Sages and saints[ફેરફાર કરો]
Recent Jagadgurus of Peethams[ફેરફાર કરો]
- Sringeri Sharada Peetham
- Sri Sacchidananda Shivabhinava Narasimha Bharathi Mahaswamiji, Jagadguru of Sringeri Sharada Peetham  (1865–1912); a realised Yogi; initiated many into Adi Shankaracharya's philosophy including Sacchidanandendra Saraswati- founder of Adhyatma Prakashana Karyalaya ;known as "Abhinava Shankara" because of his many tours around Bharatvarsha spreading the Advaita Vedanta philosophy and Hindu Dharma
- Sri Chandrashekhara Bharathi Mahaswamiji, Jagadguru of Sringeri Sharada Peetham (1912–1954); A well known Jivanmukta; said to be one of the greatest saints ever to take birth in India
- Sri Abhinavavidya Tirtha Mahaswamiji, Jagadguru of Sringeri Sharada Peetham (1954–1989); A great Yogi and master of scriptures; blessed with realisation early in life; In His many tours of Bharatvarsha and also Nepal He established many maths, shrines and temples.
- Sri Bharathi Tirtha Mahaswamiji, Jagadguru of Sringeri Sharada Peetham (1989- );A distuinguished sage and present Jagadguru of Shringeri Peetha, Sringeri, Karnataka.
- Kanchi Kamakoti Peetham
- Sri Chandrashekharendra Saraswathi Mahaswamiji Jagadguru of Kanchi Kamakoti Peetam (1894–1994), also called as Nadamadum Deivam(Walking God) by devotees and followers all over the world
- Jagadguru Sri Jayendra Saraswathi Swami, Kanchi Kamakoti Peetam
- Jagadguru Sri Sankara Vijayendra Saraswathi Swami, Kanchi Kamakoti peetam
- Sapta Na Sannyasin Ruchira Buddha Adi Da Samraj Jagadguru of Naitauba Peetham the main Hermitage Ashram called "Samrajashram" in the Fijian Islands. Other Satguru Peethams: Mountain Of Attention Sanctuary, Love's Point Hermitage and Tat Sundaram Hermitage and Tat Sundaram Hermitage, all in Northern California; and Da Love-Ananda Mahal in Kauai, Hawaii
Other teachers[ફેરફાર કરો]
- Adyashanti, popular modern Western teacher.
- Shri Totapuri Maharaj, A sanyasi of the Dashanami order who initiated Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa into Advaita Vedanta.
- રામકૃષ્ણ પરમહંસ (1836–1886) well-known modern proponent of Advaita; the primary source book, The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna (Sri Ramakrishna Kathamrita), was written by an eyewitness devotee Mahendranath Gupta. It documents his later life and conversations with disciples and devotees and serves as the key reference for his philosophy and teachings
- રમણ મહર્ષિ (1879–1950) the silent sage of Tamil Nadu who had a profound realization of nonduality
- સ્વામી વિવેકાનંદ (1863–1902), disciple of Sri Ramakrishna, wrote books on four Hindu Yogas: Bhakti Yoga, Jnana Yoga, Karma Yoga and Raja Yoga. The Complete Works of Swami Vivekananda contains a complete collection of transcribed lectures. He spoke at the Parliament of the World's Religions in Chicago in 1893.
- સ્વામી શિવાનંદ (1887–1963) – Hindu saint who founded the Divine Life Society in Rishikesh, India. Author of more than 300 works of theology and philosophy. Bestowed sanyasa upon Swami Chidananda, Swami Krishnananda, and Swami Chinmayananda, among others. According to disciples, achieved Moksha upon death.
- Swami Krishnananda (1922–2001) – Hindu saint who was the General Secretary of the Divine Life Society in Rishikesh, India from 1958 to 2001. Foremost disciple of Swami Sivananda. Author of more than 200 works of theology and philosophy. According to disciples, achieved Moksha upon death.
- Shivarudra Balayogi (1954-) - Sage and Yogi, performed intense meditation and other spiritual practices from a young age. Teaches that Advaita is an experience, and the highest path to this experience is meditation.
- Sri Narayana Guru (1856–1928)- Vedic scholar, mystic philosopher, prolific poet and social reformer, from the present-day Kerala.
- Mannargudi Raju Sastri (1815–1903), Formed ‘The Adwaita Sabha’ for propagating the tenets of the Adwaita faith
- શ્રી ઓરોબિંન્દુ (1872–1950) Bengali philosopher-sage who synthesized Advaita thought with Western philosophical theories of evolution.
- Swami Tapovan Maharaj - A virakta mahatma
- સ્વામી કરપાત્રજી (1905–1980), a well-known sannyasi of Varanasi
- Swami Chinmayananda Jnana diksha bestowed under Sri Swami Tapovan Maharaj in Uttarkashi. Disciples founded the Chinmaya Mission. 'Chinmaya' = "pure consciousness of bliss".
- Shri Swami Dayananda Saraswati, (c. 1824-1883) a contemporary Advaitin who united disparate Hindu sects under a single body known as the Arya Samaj.
- Swami Atmananda (1883–1959) lived in Kerala.
- Swami Dayananda Saraswati, (c.1930-) originally student of Chinmaya above. He has set up many traditional gurukula (vedanta schools) in India and Western countries.
- Sacchidanandendra Saraswati, a profound Advaitin and the founder of the Adhyatma Prakasha Karyalaya in Holenarasipura
- સાંઇબાબા (c. 1838-1918), a great philosopher of Maharashtra who propagated the oneness of God and urged harmony amongst the various religions.
- Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj A twentieth-century master of Advaita from Mumbai
- Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, founder of the Transcendental Meditation programme and movement, which have practices and philosophy firmly routed in the Advaita tradition. The TM initiation puja references Adi Shankara and the monastery set up by his devotee Trotakacharya at Jyotir Math. This was the same monastery re-established by Sri Brahmananda Saraswati, Maharishi's master, often referred to as "Guru Dev."
- Sri H.W.L. Poonja (1910–1997), or Papaji. Disciple of Sri Ramana Maharshi, he denied being part of any formal tradition, and remained always available, welcoming newcomers to his home and satsangs.
- Tibbetibaba - Hindu Bengali Saint whose life was based on both Advaita Vedanta and Mahayana principles.
- Adi Da (1939–2008) American-born teacher of enlightenment whose followers state he is the promised Hindu Avatar and first seventh stage realizer, who wrote over 70 books on "Advaitayana Buddhism", the unique philosophy that transcends both Advaita thought and the philosophical theories of Buddhism.
- American yogi, Richard Hittleman, who was the first person to bring Hatha and Raja Yoga to English-speaking audiences via the medium of a television series (in the 1950s and 1960s). His teachings were essentially those of Advaita Vedanta and Ramana Maharshi(Richard Hittleman, Guide for the Seeker, Bantam Books, 1978, p. 92)
- American yogini, Gangaji (Toni Roberson); disciple of Papaji (see above) and author of several books.
- Swami Prajnanapada (1891–1974) disciple of Niralamba Swami and a great exponent of Advaita philosophy. He was in charge of Channa Ashram in West Bengal, India.
- "અદ્વૈત વેદાંતઃ અ ફિલોસોફિકલ રીકન્સ્ટ્રક્શન," એલિયટ ડ્યુઇશ દ્વારા, યુનિવર્સિટી ઓફ હવાઈ પ્રેસ, 1980, ISBN 0-8248-0271-3.
- બ્રહ્મ ને સર્જક અને વિનાશક શિવ અને પોષણકર્તા વિષ્ણુની સાથે ત્રિમૂર્તિમાં રહેલા બ્રહ્મા સાથે ભૂલથી સરખાવવા જોઇએ નહીં.
- Divine Life Society Official Website
- Swami-Krishnananda.org Official Website